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GE - Strictly for the biotech information enthusiast !



Strictly for the biotech information enthusiast!

Happy surfing.

NATURAL LAW PARTY WESSEX
nlpwessex@bigfoot.com
<http://www.btinternet.com/~nlpwessex>www.btinternet.com/~nlpwessex
===================================================================
ANNOTATED LIST OF WEB SITES

Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (UK)
Summary records for experimental releases in the UK;
Environmental impact discussion papers; GMO Public Register
Index; Index of Applications to market GMOs in Europe;
International Agreements regarding environmental releases;
Advice to the Secretary of State and Ministers.
<http://www.environment.detr.gov.uk/acre>http://www.environment.detr.gov.uk/
acre

Ag-West Biotech
Supports the development of the Saskatchewan agricultural
biotechnology industry through agricultural genomics and
development of new crops with special nutritional attributes;
Maintains an agricultural biotechnology information service and
public demonstration laboratory, SABIC, which responds to the
information needs of consumers in Canada and North America.
<http://www.agwest.sk.ca/>http://www.agwest.sk.ca

AgBioForum Magazine
Publishes articles that provide unbiased, timely information and
new ideas leading to socially responsible and economically
efficient decisions in science, public policy, and private
strategies pertaining to agricultural biotechnology.
<http://www.agbioforum.missouri.edu/>http://www.agbioforum.missouri.edu

AgBioS - Agriculture & Biotechnology Strategies (Canada)
Inc.
Provides scientific and regulatory expertise in environmental risk
assessment, integrated pest management, and agricultural
biotechnology; Offers basic information about plants with novel
traits, including genetically engineered crop species, and other
general agricultural biotechnology related information.
<http://www.agbios.com/default.asp>http://www.agbios.com/default.asp

AgBiotechNet
Publishes current information about biotechnology and biosafety
for researchers and policy makers; Provides access to
information on genetic engineering, in vitro culture, biosafety,
intellectual property rights, and other key issues in agricultural
biotechnology; A project of CAB International and the
Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project.
<http://www.agbiotechnet.com/>http://www.agbiotechnet.com

AGCare
Provides information to consumers, farmers, and researchers on
the impact and benefits of biotechnology on the agri-food
system in Canada, including agricultural pesticide use, crop
biotechnology developments, and other related environmental
issues.
<http://www.agcare.org/>http://www.agcare.org

Agri-Food Risk Management & Communication
Maintains FSnet (on Food Safety), Agnet (on plant agriculture),
and AnimalNet (on animal agriculture), which are electronic
communications tools intended to assist in risk analysis
activities, identify issues for risk management and
communication activities, promote awareness of public concerns
in scientific and regulatory circles; and exchange timely and
current information for direction of research, diagnostic, or
investigative activities.
<http://www.plant.uoguelph.ca/riskcomm>http://www.plant.uoguelph.ca/riskcomm

Agricultural Biotechnology for Sustainable Productivity
Support Project (US)
Takes an integrated approach, combining applied research,
product development, and policy development—primarily
biosafety and intellectual property rights (IPR)—to help
developing countries use and manage biotechnology.
<http://www.iia.msu.edu/absp>http://www.iia.msu.edu/absp

Agricultural Genome Information System (US)
Provides genome information for agriculturally important
organisms, encompassing mostly crop and livestock animal
species, and databases with germplasm and plant gene
nomenclature data. AGIS is a cooperative effort between the
Department of Plant Biology, University of Maryland, and the
USDA's National Agricultural Library Genome Informatics Group.
<http://probe.nalusda.gov:8000/>http://probe.nalusda.gov:8000

American Crop Protection Association
Promotes the environmentally sound use of crop protection and
plant biotechnology products for the production of food, fiber,
and other crops. Studies and promotes the technical fit and
environmental soundness of plant biotechnology as part of
integrated crop production, including trade,
labeling/segregation, and insect resistance management.
<http://www.acpa.org/public/issues/biotech/about_plant_biotech.html>http://
www.acpa.org/public/issues/biotech/about_plant_biotech.html

Belgian Biosafety Server
Regulatory information for Belgium, Europe, and other countries;
Risk assessment data; Biosafety related meetings, conferences,
and courses.
<http://biosafety.ihe.be/>http://biosafety.ihe.be

BioGuide
An interactive guide to biotechnology support and regulations in
the UK; Includes current information on the UK's main trade
associations, universities, and European standards of work for
biotechnology.
<http://dtiinfo1.dti.gov.uk/bioguide/bioguide.htm#contents>http://dtiinfo1.
dti.gov.uk/bioguide/bioguide.htm#contents

Bioline Online Journal Biosafety
Original papers on the effects of GMOs and introduced species
on people and the environment; Containment of potentially
hazardous organisms; Biosafety reviews; Accounts of risk
assessment and hazard analysis and follow up monitoring.
<http://www.bdt.org.br/bioline/by>http://www.bdt.org.br/bioline/by

Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH)
A component of the Clearing House Mechanism for Biosafety
protocol information transfer; Based on the current text of the
draft Protocol, and revised as the negotiation process and
adoption of the Biosafety protocol occur.
<http://www.biodiv.org/biosafe/biosafety-ch/biosafety-ch.html>http://www.bi
odiv.org/biosafe/biosafety-ch/biosafety-ch.html

Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service
(BINAS)
A service of the United Nations Industrial Development
Organization (UNIDO). Global developments in regulatory issues
in biotechnology; Regulations and guidelines from many
countries; Publications dealing with regulatory policy and issues
pertaining to biological risk assessment; DTree-Lite, a pilot
decision support system for safety assessment of GM crop
plants.
<http://binas.unido.org/binas/index.shtml>http://binas.unido.org/binas/inde
x.shtml

Biosafety Information System (BIS)
A technical data resource providing biosafety information to
researchers, institutions, and governments covering various
safety aspects of biotechnology; Includes information on field
trials of GMOs in Brazil, national and international biosafety
regulations and guidelines, and biosafety news.
<http://www.fiocruz.br/cict/oquee/estrut/dect/bis/bis.html>http://www.fiocr
uz.br/cict/oquee/estrut/dect/bis/bis.html

Biosafety Research and Assessment of Technology
Impacts
Published by the Swiss Priority Program from the Swiss National
Science Foundation. Scientific reports on safety assessment of
recombinant rabies vaccine; Foods derived from genetically
modified organisms; Genetic engineering for plant protection;
Environmental and agricultural safety considerations of
transgenic crops.
<http://www.bats.ch/index_e.html>http://www.bats.ch/index_e.html

BIOTECanada
Responds to the needs of the biotechnology industry and
research community in Canada and internationally; Provides a
unified voice for agriculture, research, health, environment, and
aquaculture biotechnology in Canada; Assists with regulation
and policy advocacy, human resources, communications,
intellectual property, and community services.
<http://www.biotech.ca/>http://www.biotech.ca

Bio-Tech Infonet
Provides a collection of news items and technical reports from
magazines, newspapers, journals and the Internet on issues
related to biotechnology, especially those critical of genetically
modified crops in agriculture. Supported by the Wallace Genetic
Foundation through a grant to the Consumer Policy Institute /
Consumers Union.
<http://www.biotech-info.net/>http://www.biotech-info.net

Biotechnology and Development Monitor
A publication of the Department of Political Science of the
University of Amsterdam and the Netherlands' Ministry of
Foreign Affairs. Reports local, national, and international
applications of biotechnology of special interest to developing
countries.
<http://www.pscw.uva.nl/monitor/index.html>http://www.pscw.uva.nl/monitor/i
ndex.html

Biotechnology: Food Security and Safety
The fourth volume of an electronic journal of the US Department
of State focused on food safety issues of biotechnology.
Provides many informative articles on broader issues related to
GMOs and extensive links to many other biotechnology sites.
<http://www.usia.gov/journals/ites/1099/ijee/bio-toc.htm>http://www.usia.go
v/journals/ites/1099/ijee/bio-toc.htm

Biotechnology Industry Organization
A trade organization representing the global biotechnology
industry. Media guide to biotechnology; Press releases and
industry news; Government relations; Biotech food products list;
Citizen's guide to biotechnology; Laws and policies; Bioethics.
<http://www.bio.org/>http://www.bio.org

BioTrack Online
Regulatory developments in biotechnology in OECD member
countries; Indicates the Ministry/Agency for each OECD member
country responsible for regulatory oversight of modern
biotechnology products intended for release to the environment;
Provides the relevant laws, regulations and/or rules, and contact
points; Information on commercialized applications and product
approvals.
<http://www.oecd.org/ehs/country.htm>http://www.oecd.org/ehs/country.htm

CamBioTec
Facilitates biotechnology-based applications in the agri-food and
environmental management fields of Latin America; Promotes
agri-food industry development; Increases public awareness of
risks and benefits.
<http://www.biotech.ca/services/cambiotec.html>http://www.biotech.ca/servic
es/cambiotec.html

Canada Food Inspection Agency - Plant Biotechnology
Office
Provides the Canada's agri-food and seed industries with
current information on the safety assessment of plants with
novel traits, confined trials, and unconfined releases.
<http://www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/english/plant/pbo/home_e.html>http://www.cfia-
acia.agr.ca/english/plant/pbo/home_e.html

Center for International Development at Harvard
University
Provides a forum for public debate on the role of biotechnology
in global society especially as it relates to development of third
world societies. Undertakes research and promotes dialogue on
biotechnology policy with specific reference to international
development. Includes papers and viewpoints presented at the
International Conference on Biotechnology in the Global
Economy held at Harvard University.
<http://www.cid.harvard.edu/cidbiotech/homepage.htm>http://www.cid.harvard.
edu/cidbiotech/homepage.htm

CGIAR Research Centers
(Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research)
Promotes sustainable agricultural development based on the
environmentally sound management of natural resources. Links
to the 16 International Agriculture Research Centers of CGIAR.
<http://www.cgiar.org/centers.htm>http://www.cgiar.org:80/centers.htm

CIMMYT
Develops improved germplasm, especially maize and wheat
varieties with built-in genetic resistance; Conducts research on
conserving natural resources, economics, biotechnology, crop
physiology, and ecosystem management; Promotes
conservation and utilization of maize and wheat genetic
resources from throughout the world.
<http://www.cimmyt.cgiar.org/>http://www.cimmyt.cgiar.org

CONABIA
(National Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biosafety) Provides
consultation and technical support to the Argentinean
government on regulations concerning the introduction and
environmental release of transgenic material.
<http://siiap.sagyp.mecon.ar/http-hsi/english/conabia/frameing.htm>http://s
iiap.sagyp.mecon.ar/http-hsi/english/conabia/frameing.htm

Convention on Biological Diversity
Addresses all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources,
species, and ecosystems; Reports from meetings on Biosafety;
maintains Biosafety Clearing-House; database of Conventions of
the Parties (COP) decisions.
<http://www.biodiv.org/>http://www.biodiv.org

CSIRO: Genetic Engineering for Plant Improvement
Enhances plant performance and product quality through gene
technology; Applies strategic research in the plant sciences to
promote profitable and sustainable agri-food, fiber, and
horticultural industries, develop novel plant products, and
improve natural resource management.
<http://www.pi.csiro.au/Research/GenEng/GenEng.htm>http://www.pi.csiro.au/R
esearch/GenEng/GenEng.htm

Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
Facilitates interdisciplinary research in genetics, chemistry, cell
biology, biochemistry, computational genomics, and structural
biology to sustain productivity in agriculture, forestry, and allied
fields, and to facilitate the rapid development and
commercialization of promising technologies and products.
<http://danforthcenter.org/index.html>http://danforthcenter.org/index.html

EFB Agri-Biotechnology
(European Federation of Biotechnology) Stimulates interactions
between research groups and the agri-industry to expand the
range of food and non-food applications of biotechnology, help
disseminate scientific information, and develop teaching aids for
biotechnology.
<http://www.agbiotech.org/>http://www.agbiotech.org

EFB Task Group on Public Perceptions of Biotechnology
Fosters public awareness and understanding of agricultural
biotechnology and encourages public debate; Contains Briefing
Papers on ethical aspects, public opinion surveys,
environmental concerns, and public dialog reports.
<http://www.kluyver.stm.tudelft.nl/efb/tgppb/main.htm>http://www.kluyver.st
m.tudelft.nl/efb/tgppb/main.htm

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
Publishes electronic journal articles in biotechnology including
molecular biology and the chemistry of biological processes,
aquatic and earth environmental aspects, computational
applications, and policy issues directly related to biotechnology.
<http://www.ejb.org/>http://www.ejb.org

European Plant Biotech Network
Provides information about plant biotechnology research,
funded by the European Commission, designed to improve the
nutritional value of food products, create stress-tolerant and
disease-resistant plants for agriculture, and aid biodiversity
monitoring to help protect the environment.
<http://www.epbn.de/>http://www.epbn.de

Food Animal Biotechnology Center
A clearinghouse of information used to develop competitive,
integrated food production systems that provide safe,
economical food products through the utilization of molecular
tools and methods. Emphasizes health and disease resistance,
modulation of growth and reproduction, and development of
genetic maps and markers for biological performance.
<http://fabctr.umn.edu/>http://fabctr.umn.edu

Food Biotechnology Communications Network
Provides information about food biotechnology with links to
specialized organizations and individuals, information referrals,
monthly fax newsletter, regional network of experts, and issues
management activities.
<http://www.foodbiotech.org/>http://www.foodbiotech.org

Gene Technology Information Unit (GTIU)
Reviews of and guidelines for all work involving gene technology
for Australian regulatory authorities; Specific reports on the
assessment and management of biosafety risk factors, labeling,
herbicide and pest resistant crops, and patenting and gene
technology.
<http://geneinfo.hightide.net.au/>http://geneinfo.hightide.net.au

Genetic Engineering and Intellectual Property Rights
Resource Center
Maintained by the Institute of Agriculture and Trade Policy; A
rich collection of news and scholarly articles critical of
biotechnology as it relates to global trade policies and treaties.
<http://www.sustain.org/biotech>http://www.sustain.org/biotech

Genetic Manipulation Advisory Committee (GMAC)
Oversees the development and use of innovative genetic
manipulation techniques in Australia so that risks to workers or
potential hazards to the community or environment associated
with the genetics of manipulated organisms are identified and
can be managed.
<http://www.health.gov.au/tga/gene/gmac/gmac.htm>http://www.health.gov.au/t
ga/gene/gmac/gmac.htm

GrainGenes
A compilation of molecular and phenotypic information on wheat,
barley, oats, rye, and sugarcane; Outlines priority needs for
biotechnological approaches to wheat and barley improvement;
Supported by the USDA/NAL Plant Genome Research.
<http://wheat.pw.usda.gov/>http://wheat.pw.usda.gov

Green Industry Biotechnology Platform (GIBiP)
Represents European member companies involved in plant
biotechnology in the commercial introduction of seeds, plants,
and crops that have been genetically modified to achieve
benefits for the farmer, the end-customer, or the grower;
Working Group position papers on Food and Feed, Field Trials,
Intellectual Property, and Biosafety.
<http://www.gibip.org/>http://www.gibip.org

ICGEB Biosafety Web Pages
Promotes the safe use of biotechnology worldwide with special
regard to the needs of the developing world. Includes a library of
selected documents on biosafety, links to biosafety-related
webpages, and bibliographic database on biosafety studies
published since 1990.
<http://www.icgeb.trieste.it/biosafety>http://www.icgeb.trieste.it/biosafety

Info AgBiotech
Special reports, technical information, and regulations on
biotechnology including CODEX and Food Labeling; Plants with
Novel Traits; Livestock Animals Derived from Biotechnology; and
Biofertilizers. Maintained by the Office of Biotechnology of
Canadian Food Inspection Agency.
<http://www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/english/ppc/biotech/bsco.html>http://www.cfia-
acia.agr.ca/english/ppc/biotech/bsco.html

Information Systems for Biotechnology
Provides information on agricultural and environmental
biotechnology research, product development, regulatory
issues, and biosafety. Supported by a grant from the
USDA/CSREES National Biological Impact Assessment Program
(NBIAP) to Virginia Tech.
<http://www.isb.vt.edu/>http://www.isb.vt.edu

Institute for Biotechnology Information (IBI)
Provides information on commercial biotechnology to
organizations worldwide in a variety of formats, including
databases, publications, and special studies. Provides
Information Systems for Biotechnology with the Companies,
State Contacts, and Biotechnology Centers databases.
<http://www.biotechinfo.com/>http://www.biotechinfo.com

International Field Test Web Sites
A list of Web sites containing information about field tests in
several countries. Provided by Ann Courtmanche at Rutgers
University.
<http://www.isb.vt.edu/cfdocs/globalfieldtests.cfm>http://www.isb.vt.edu/cf
docs/globalfieldtests.cfm

International Food Information Council: Food
Biotechnology
A nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. that
provides reports, brochures, resources, and general information
on food biotechnology to journalists, health professionals,
educators, government officials, and consumers.
<http://ificinfo.health.org/index14.htm>http://ificinfo.health.org/index14.htm

International Information Program: Global Issues on
Biotechnology
Provides the US Government with information on agricultural
biotechnology; Recent congressional testimony on
biotechnology regulatory issues; Links to international
agreements on biosafety and biodiversity protocols, US
Government regulatory oversight departments, and industry
associations.
<http://www.usia.gov/topical/global/biotech>http://www.usia.gov/topical/glo
bal/biotech

International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech
Applications (ISAAA)
Facilitates the transfer of agricultural biotechnology applications
from industrial to developing countries; Counsels developing
countries on the testing of biotech products; Assists in the
implementation of biosafety and food safety regulatory
procedures, the deployment of resistance genes, and with
intellectual property rights.
<http://www.isaaa.org/>http://www.isaaa.org

IRRO Databases on Environmental Releases
(Information Resource for the Release of Organisms to the
Environment) An information network run on a non-profit basis,
which aims to provide access to all types of information
relevant to the release of animals, plants, and microorganisms
into the environment.
<http://www.bdt.org.br/bdt/irro>http://www.bdt.org.br/bdt/irro

ISNAR Biotechnology Web Site
Provides information on ISNAR's activities in agricultural
biotechnology by addressing the policy, management, and
organizational needs of countries in the process of building
capacity and competency in biotechnology.
<http://www.cgiar.org/isnar/projects/ibs/index.htm>http://www.cgiar.org/isn
ar/projects/ibs/index.htm

Joint Research Centre - European Commission
Summaries of field trials held in European Commission member
countries.
<http://biotech.jrc.it/>http://biotech.jrc.it

Life Sciences Knowledge Center
Sponsored by Monsanto, this site has news items supporting
agricultural biotechnology from around the globe. Also provides
useful technical reports, fact sheets, speeches, and other
documents relevant to the promotion of biotechnology.
<http://www.biotechknowledge.com/>http://www.biotechknowledge.com

National Agricultural Biotechnology Council (US)
Compiles and disseminates information to and facilitates active
communication among researchers, administrators,
policymakers, practitioners, and others to ensure the safe and
efficacious development of biotechnology.
<http://www.cals.cornell.edu/extension/nabc>http://www.cals.cornell.edu/ext
ension/nabc

National Biotechnology Information Facility
Provides access to and distribution of biotechnology data among
researchers, and training in biotechnology. Active in developing
new sources and types of biotechnology databases.
<http://www.nbif.org/>http://www.nbif.org

National Center for Biotechnology Education
Maintained by the University of Reading. Offers innovative
resources for biotechnology education.
<http://134.225.167.114/menu.html>http://134.225.167.114/menu.html

NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA
Molecules
(National Institutes of Health) Specifies practices for constructing
and handling: (i) recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
molecules, and (ii) organisms and viruses containing
recombinant DNA molecules.
<http://www4.od.nih.gov/oba/guidelines.html>http://www4.od.nih.gov/oba/guid
elines.html

Novartis Foundation
Information on philanthropic activities along with a series of
useful articles on issues related to agriculture, sustainable
development, and biotechnology/genetic engineering.
<http://foundation.novartis.com/articles.htm>http://foundation.novartis.com
/articles.htm

OECD's Database of Field Trials
A searchable database that includes records of field trials of
genetically modified organisms which have taken place in OECD
Member countries and contains data from other countries
provided through UNIDO's BINAS. Summaries of the data are
available.
<http://www.olis.oecd.org/biotrack.nsf>http://www.olis.oecd.org/biotrack.nsf

OECD Biotrack Online
Helps member country governments and industries with
biotechnology product notifications/assessments, and provides
information developed by the Expert Group on Harmonization of
Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology.
<http://www.oecd.org/ehs/bioabout.htm>http://www.oecd.org/ehs/bioabout.htm

On-Line Courses in Biotechnology
Iowa State University's site for on-line courses in biology,
including biotechnology.
<http://project.bio.iastate.edu/>http://project.bio.iastate.edu

Performance Standards for Safely Conducting Research
With Genetically Modified Fish and Shellfish
A tool for risk assessment and risk management of genetically
modified fish and shellfish developed by a US Department of
Agriculture-sanctioned working group. The program can also be
accessed through the ISB website under "Risk Assessment,"
then "Transgenic Fish."
<http://www.isb.vt.edu/perfstands/psmain.html>http://www.isb.vt.edu/perfsta
nds/psmain.html

REDBIO/FAO
A Technical Cooperation Network on Plant Biotechnology formed
to accelerate the process of adaptation, generation, transfer,
and application of plant biotechnology to contribute to the
solution of crop production constraints and genetic resources
conservation for the countries of the Latin American and
Caribbean region.
<http://rlc.fao.org/redes/redbio/html/home.htm>http://rlc.fao.org/redes/red
bio/html/home.htm

Robert Koch Institute (RKI) - Center for Gene Technology
Monitors the safety evaluation of genetic resources; Provides
procedures for release and marketing of genetically modified
organisms under the German legislation; Maintains databases of
field trials in Germany and the EU, releases of GMOs, a list of
products placed on the market in the EU, and regulations in
other countries.
<http://www.rki.de/gentec/geneng/gentec_e.htm>http://www.rki.de/gentec/gene
ng/gentec_e.htm

The Royal Society - Genetically Modified Plants for Food
Use
Reviews current regulatory controls both in the UK and in
Europe, and addresses questions of gene transfer from GM
crops, other specific concerns of environmental harm, and
issues related to GM plants as food.
<http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/st_pol40.htm>http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/st_pol40.htm

Rural Advancement Foundation International
A non-governmental organization highly critical of the role of
biotechnology in agriculture. Provides information on the so
called `terminator gene' and arguments against patenting of life
forms.
<http://www.rafi.ca/>http://www.rafi.ca

US Food and Drug Administration: Biotechnology
Information is supplied by the Center for Food Safety and
Applied Nutrition on issues pertaining to bioengineered foods
including announcements, education, policy statements,
consultation procedures, and consumer information.
<http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/biotechm.html>http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/bi
otechm.html

Union of Concerned Scientists - Agriculture
Biotechnology
Discussions on the background of biotechnology and genetic
engineering, the risks and benefits of the various applications of
genetic engineering and alternatives to them, and current uses
of biotechnology in agriculture; Monitors and evaluates the
agricultural biotechnology and sustainable agriculture policies
and regulations of the USDA, the Food and Drug Administration,
and the Environmental Protection Agency.
<http://www.ucsusa.org/agriculture/index.html>http://www.ucsusa.org/agricul
ture/index.html

United Nations Environment Programme International
Register on Biosafety
Contains information from many sources on biosafety focusing
on the establishment of a regulatory framework for the safe
development, transfer, and application of biotechnology.
Provides a list of links to other Web sites concerning biosafety,
biotechnology, and biodiversity.
<http://irptc.unep.ch/biodiv>http://irptc.unep.ch/biodiv

United States Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology
Presents an overview of the activities of agencies primarily
responsible for regulating biotechnology in the United States:
the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), and the Food and Drug Administration
(FDA).
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/OECD/usregs.htm>http://www.aphis.usda.go
v/biotech/OECD/usregs.htm

US EPA Toxic Substances Control Act Office of Pollution
Prevention and Toxics
Created to allow more efficient public, governmental, and
educational access to the TSCA Biotechnology Program;
Provides Program regulation, supplementary documents created
to support this regulation, and status reports on the
submissions, reviews, and agreements undertaken by the
Program.
<http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/biotech>http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/biotech

USDA National Agricultural Library Biotechnology
Information Center
Provides access to agricultural biotechnology related information
services and publications; Includes theory and techniques of
genetic engineering, plant and animal genetics, monoclonal
antibodies, single cell proteins, food processing, biomass
applications, risk assessment, and bioethics; Provides reference
and resource lists of newsletters, bibliographies, reports, Web
sites, and patent information.
<http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic>http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic

USDA Agricultural Biotechnology Information
Describes the USDA's role in regulating and monitoring the use
of biotechnology for agriculture; Includes statements by the
Secretary of Agriculture. Provides regulatory oversight in
biotechnology, including laws, regulations, and rules;
Permitting/notification information; Research and trade issues.
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotechnology>http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotechno
logy

USDA Biotechnology Risk Assessment Research Grants
(BRARGP)
Assists Federal regulatory agencies in making science-based
decisions about the safety of introducing into the environment
genetically modified organisms, including plants,
microorganisms, fungi, bacteria, viruses, arthropods, fish, birds,
mammals, and other animals. Provides scientific information
derived from the risk assessment research it funds.
<http://www.reeusda.gov/crgam/biotechrisk/biotech.htm>http://www.reeusda.go
v/crgam/biotechrisk/biotech.htm

USDA/APHIS Biotechnology and Scientific Services
Regulates the importation, interstate movement, and
environmental release of certain genetically engineered plants
and microorganisms under Federal Regulations.
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/bbep/bp>http://www.aphis.usda.gov/bbep/bp

USDA/APHIS Transgenic Arthropod Team
Involved with the regulation of transgenic arthropods and other
invertebrates, which may include reviewing applications,
contributing to or reviewing environmental assessments,
proposing modifications in existing procedures, and liaisoning
with the user community.
<http://www.aphis.usda.gov/bbep/bp/arthropod>http://www.aphis.usda.gov/bbep
/bp/arthropod


Ruth Irwin
Information Systems for Biotechnology
Virginia Tech
rirwin@nbiap.biochem.vt.edu

C. S. Prakash
Center for Plant Biotechnology Research
Tuskegee University
prakash@tusk.edu

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BIOTECHNOLOGY DISCUSSION GROUPS ONLINE

One of the most interesting feature of the Internet is its
interactivity. News groups and listservers provide one- or
two-way avenues for discussion. These groups are very useful
for professional biotechnologists and students to find answers to
technical questions, obtain career-related information, promote
networking and exchange ideas with colleagues across the
world. Often discussion groups host debates on topical issues
such as the ethics of cloning or biosafety of transgenic plants.
Many professional collaborations and friendships, often across
continents, have been forged through news groups and
listservers.

-----------------------
News Groups

Also called USENET, news groups are accessed through a news
server (check with your internet service provider if you don't
already have access; not all servers carry all news groups).
There are fifteen thousand news groups on the net, with more
added every day. A news group can be thought of as a public
email box that anyone can browse or send email to. Messages
are not sent directly to your email box; you must connect to the
news group (or subscribe) and retrieve the messages yourself,
allowing you to pick and choose the messages you want to read.
Subscribing to a news group is different than subscribing to a
listserver. Subscribing essentially means selecting a particular
news group for ready access the next time you want to browse
news groups, and involves nothing more than clicking on the
subscribe button in your news reader or browser, depending on
your software.

Though there may be a few nuggets of useful information in
newsgroups, they are often a jumble of messages which may or
may not pertain to the subject matter the title suggests. They
are, after all, completely public. For instance, a recent look at
alt.agriculture.technology had only one message promoting a
business partner in South Africa. Some of the news groups to
explore are:

     bionet.* (there are 98 groups under the general heading
     "bionet")
     sci.agriculture.* (4 groups)
     sci.bio.* (18 groups)
     alt.agriculture.* (5 groups)

Additionally there are Web sites which list the news groups in
different formats. Many newsgroups and Usenet archives can be
searched through <http://www.dejanews.com/>http://www.dejanews.com

-----------------------
Listservers

A listserver is an email service which can be thought of as a
restricted email box to which you must specifically subscribe
before you can view or send messages. Messages from
listservers are automatically sent to all subscribers' email
addresses. Listservers can be configured either to allow any
subscriber to post messages which are then distributed to all
subscribers, or to restrict posting rights to only one or a few
accounts (like the ISB News Report listserver, which does not
allow subscribers to post messages - it only allows us to send
out the News Report). Visit
<http://microbiol.org/mailist.htm>http://microbiol.org/mailist.htm for a
list of many listservs related to biotechnology.

You can subscribe to most of these listservers by sending an
email and typing SUBSCRIBE `group-name' `Your Name' in the
message section. Remember to leave the Subject line blank and
to turn off your signature file. Many listservers can also be
subscribed to and read on the World Wide Web, while others
can be accessed through News Reader software on the Usenet
server.

A few points to remember with listservers:

- The email address for subscribing (and unsubscribing)
listservers is always different from the address for posting the
messages. Check carefully. The subscription address often
starts with listserv, majordomo, listproc or Mailserv, while the
message posting address always begins with the list name (e.g.,
plant-tc or biotech).

- Save the automated message that you get when you
subscribe. It will tell you how to `unsubscribe' from the group,
customize message delivery, and search the archives for
previous postings.

- Although certain lists are moderated and thus filter out
frivolous postings and junk mail (spamming), most are not. Thus,
be prepared to tolerate some mail box clutter.

- Exercise caution when you use `Reply' to respond to a
message. Your reply is not private and may be distributed
instantly to thousands of people around the world.

- Many listservers do not allow you to post messages unless you
are a subscriber. Think before you post questions. Can you get
that information simply by searching the Internet, or spending a
few minutes at your campus library?

- Avoid sending file attachments to the listserv. Many consider
them annoying as they download slowly, often spread computer
viruses, and cannot be opened by everyone.

-----------------------
Some Useful Listservers

General Biotechnology (University of Maryland)
Send message: SUBSCRIBE BIOTECH <your name> to
listserv@UMDD.umd.edu
Post messages to: biotech@umdd.umd.edu

General Biotechnology (Texas A&M University)
Send message: SUBSCRIBE BIOTECH-TEX <your-name> to
listserv@listserv.tamu.edu
Post messages to: biotech-tex@listserv.tamu.edu

Plant Tissue Culture
(<http://www.agro.agri.umn.edu/plant-tc/#P-TC>http://www.agro.agri.umn.edu/
plant-tc/#P-TC)
Send message: SUBSCRIBE PLANT-TC <your name> to
listserv@tc.umn.edu
Post messages to: plant-tc@tc.umn.edu

Business Aspects of Biotechnology
Send message: SUBSCRIBE BIZ-BIOTECH <your name> to
listserv@netcom.com
Post messages to: biz-biotech@netcom.com

Bioassess: Biosafety Information
(<http://binas.unido.org/binas/binas.html>http://binas.unido.org/binas/bina
s.html)
Send message: SUBSCRIBE BIOASSESS <your name> to
majordomo@binas.unido.org
Post messages to: bioassess@binas.unido.org

Environmental Biotechnology
Send message: SUBSCRIBE ENV-BIOTECH <your name> to
majordomo@igc.apc.org
Post messages to: env-biotech@igc.apc.org

DNA Markers and Genome
Send message: SUBSCRIBE RAPD to biosci-server@net.bio.net
Post messages to: rapd@net.bio.net

GENTALK (Educational aspects of biotech).
Send message: SUBSCRIBE GENTALK <your name> to
listserv@usa.net
Post messages to: GENTALK@usa.net



C. S. Prakash
Center for Plant Biotechnology Research
Tuskegee University
prakash@tusk.edu

Doug King
Information Systems for Biotechnology
Virginia Tech
isb@vt.edu

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PATENT WEB SITES

The World Intellectual Property Organization PCT
Database
This database contains the first page data (bibliographic data,
abstract and drawing) of PCT applications published since
January 1997. The database is normally updated on Thursday.
<http://pctgazette.wipo.int/>http://pctgazette.wipo.int

The Canadian Intellectual Property Office
The CIPO website includes the Canadian Patent Database,
which provides access to over 75 years of Canadian patent
descriptions and images. The database contains bibliographic
data, textual data (titles, abstracts and claims) and image data
for patents granted since August 15, 1978. For patents granted
prior to this date, the database contains bibliographic data,
titles, and image data.
<http://patents1.ic.gc.ca/intro-e.html>http://Patents1.ic.gc.ca/intro-e.html

US Patent and Trademark Office Website
This site offers general information on utility and plant patents,
updates on USPTO developments, patent examination
guidelines, and selected USPTO decisions.
<http://www.uspto.gov/>http://www.uspto.gov

USPTO Web Patent Database
The US Patent and Trademark Office databases offer access to
bibliographic patent information and full-text patents. Both
databases cover the period from January 1976 to the present.
Full page images of patent documents are also available. The
databases are typically updated Tuesday.
<http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html>http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html

Esp@cenet
A joint project of the EPO, its member states, and the European
Commission, this site offers bibliographic data of patents
published since 1996 by any member state of the EPO, and the
World Intellectual Property Organization. Full-page facsimile
images of documents are also retrievable.
<http://www.epo.co.at/espacenet/info/access.htm>http://www.epo.co.at/espace
net/info/access.htm

The IBM Intellectual Property Network
This site provides the ability to search and to retrieve
information on nearly four million patent and patent application
documents, including US patents, PCT applications, and
European Patent Office documents.
<http://www.patents.ibm.com/ibm.html>http://www.patents.ibm.com/ibm.html

Ag Biotechnology Patents and New Technologies
The Biotechnology Information Resource WWW site is
maintained by the National Agricultural Library of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture. This site offers information on US
Agbiotech patents issued between 1994 and about September
1996.
<http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic/Biotech_Patents>http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic/Bi
otech_Patents

DNA Patent Database
A joint project of the Georgetown University's Kennedy Institute
of Ethics and the Foundation for Genetic Medicine, this site
offers access to the full text and analysis of all DNA patents
issued by the USPTO.
<http://208.201.146.119/>http://208.201.146.119

The European Patent Office
The EPO website provides examination guidelines, searchable
decisions of the EPO Board of Appeal, and updates on EPO
practice.
<http://www.epo.co.at/index.htm>http://www.epo.co.at/index.htm

Japanese Patent Office Home Page
This site provides information on patent application examination
in the Japanese Patent Office, and access to JPO's Industrial
Property Digital Library.
<http://www.jpo-miti.go.jp/>http://www.jpo-miti.go.jp

Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) Toxin Resources
The Biotechnology Information Center offers BT -related
information, including the layout of the BT Wars up to
September 1997.
<http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic/BTTOX/bttoxin.htm>http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic/
BTTOX/bttoxin.htm

US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Website
The Federal Circuit, which is positioned just below (and down
the street from) the US Supreme Court, decides many patent
cases of interest. The court's website provides access to current
decisions.
<http://www.fedcir.gov/>http://www.fedcir.gov


Phillip B. C. Jones, PhD., J.D.
Seattle, Washington
pbcj@wolfenet.com

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UPDATE: THE INTERNET AS A TOOL IN BIOTECHNOLOGY BUSINESS
DEVELOPMENT

Two years ago, I wrote an article describing some of the
elements that are involved in business development in
biotechnology, and presented some related internet resources.
Upon reviewing that article's content, I note that the elements of
business development are still relevant, as are all of the internet
resources described. In fact many, if not most, of the internet
sites described are still considered to be some of the key
web-based information tools for business development available
today. In light of this, I refer you to that article to learn more
about how to use the internet to assist in business development
(<http://www.nbiap.vt.edu/news/specials/news98.jan.html#jan9804>http://www.
nbiap.vt.edu/news/specials/news98.jan.html#jan9804).

I have also provided an updated list of some additional internet
sites (not mentioned in the previous article) that you may find
valuable to your business development pursuits. I have
attempted to categorize the sites, but some provide information
across multiple categories.

-----------------------
Gateways

BioSpace
A hub site for the biotechnology industry. Includes daily
summary of news from around the biotechnology world,
company profiles, stock information, and more.
<http://www.biospace.com/>http://www.biospace.com

Community of Science
Site touts itself as a resource "by scientists, for scientists" but
offers business development information through access to
information on funding sources, patents, meetings, Commerce
Business Daily, Medline, and more.
<http://www.cos.com/>http://www.cos.com

National Biotechnology Information Facility (NBIF)
Provides a single-point access to biotechnology data including
approximately 7,000 links to biotechnology resources.
<http://www.nbif.org/>http://www.nbif.org

-----------------------
Technology Transfer and Licensing

Technology Transfer Information Center (TTIC)
Another resource of the USDA National Agricultural Library, the
Technology Transfer Information Center (TTIC) provides a
variety of services to help to promote the efficient conversion of
federally-developed inventions into commercial products.
<http://www.nal.usda.gov/ttic>http://www.nal.usda.gov/ttic

TechEx
A business-to-business extranet for technology licensing
professionals. Techex was originally created by Yale University's
Office of Cooperative Research, and it operates to facilitate a
network of targeted communications between technology
transfer offices at research institutions and corporate technology
developers. TechEx participation is restricted to approved users.
<http://www.techex.com/>http://www.techex.com

Licensing Executives Society
Site offers information of technology licensing as well as ways to
access and benefit from membership resources.
<http://www.les.org/>http://www.les.org

-----------------------
Company Information

Hoover's Online
Offers a good general business information resource. Users can
get free data on public and private companies using Hoover's
search engine and business database. The site also offers
extensive links to archived company news information from
across the web, as well as access to more in-depth company
analyses for a fee.
<http://www.hoovers.com/>http://www.hoovers.com

Wall Street Journal
We all know the Wall Street Journal. A yearly subscription to the
web site allows access to current and past WSJ articles and
other financial content including company profiles, Dow Jones
news releases, and more.
<http://www.wsj.com/>http://www.wsj.com

-----------------------
Competitive Intelligence

Society for Competitive Intelligence Professionals
Offers information and links to hone your competitive intelligence
skills-- a valuable tool in business development.
<http://www.scip.org/>http://www.scip.org

Lexis-Nexis
A well known business and legal information resource. Their site
provides information on a variety of products to assist with
business development and competitive intelligence. Many of
their for-fee products are web accessible.
<http://lexis-nexis.com/>http://lexis-nexis.com

PR Newswire
A leader in electronic delivery of breaking news releases and
information directly from companies and institutions through a
fax, satellite and Internet network. In addition to providing access
to daily worldwide business information, including commercial
biotechnology, PR Newswire also provides additional services
enabling public relations and investor relations professionals to
immediately access the media, financial community, and
consumers.
<http://www.prnewswire.com/>http://www.prnewswire.com

-----------------------
Reference

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Information on countries' economy, population, governments,
and more compiled by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
<http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook>http://www.odci.gov/cia/publ
ications/factbook


William O. Bullock
Institute for Biotechnology Information
Research Triangle Park, NC.
wbullock@mindspring.com