GENTECH archive


Bt pesticides

Health risks of Bt pesticide

Claims of health risks to Bt pesticides have been minimal, but this may be due to lack of health data as the potential allergenicity of these organisms has not been evaluated. To address the lack of data a health survey was conducted in farm workers before and after exposure to Bt pesticides. The workers were evaluated before the spraying and one and four months after the spraying. Two groups of low and medium exposure workers were also assessed. While there was no evidence of occupationally related respiratory disease, positive skin prick tests were seen in exposed workers with a significant increase in the number of positive tests to spores 1 to 4 months after exposure to Bt spray.  The increase was more significant in high rather than low exposure workers.  The study concluded that exposure to Bt sprays may lead to allergic skin sensitisation and induction of IgE antibodies or IgG antibodies - or both.

- Bernstein J L et al. 1999. Immune responses in farm workers after exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis pesticides. Environmental Health Perspectives. 107 (7): 575-582.