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BUSINESS & SEEDS: GE crops surge over 1 billion hectares in 2010



                                  PART 1


------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:   BIOTECH CROPS SURGE OVER 1 BILLION HECTARES

SOURCE:  International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, USA (ISAAA)

AUTHOR:  Press Release

URL:     http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/42/pressrelease/default.asp

DATE:    22.02.2011

SUMMARY: "In just 15 years after commercialization, accumulated biotech crops exceeded 1 billion hectares in 2010, a milestone that signifies biotech crops are here to stay, according to Clive James author of the annual report released today by ISAAA. [...] Approximately 600,000 farmers in Pakistan and 375,000 farmers in Myanmar, planted insect-resistant Bt cotton, and Sweden (the first Scandinavian country to commercialize biotech crops) planted a new biotech high-quality starch potato approved for industrial and feed use. Germany also planted the same biotech potatoes in 2010, resuming its place among the eight EU nations now growing either biotech maize or potatoes."

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BIOTECH CROPS SURGE OVER 1 BILLION HECTARES

Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops: 2010 - ISAAA Brief 42-2010

Developing nations drive growth at adoption rates exceeding industrialized countries

SAO PAULO, BRAZIL (February 22, 2011) ? In just 15 years after commercialization, accumulated biotech crops exceeded 1 billion hectares in 2010, a milestone that signifies biotech crops are here to stay, according to Clive James author of the annual report released today by ISAAA (International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications).

The 1 billionth hectare was planted in 2010 by one of the 15.4 million farmers in 29 countries who now benefit from the technology. For comparison, 1 billion hectares is roughly equivalent to the vast land area of China, or of the United States. With an unprecedented 87-fold increase between 1996 and 2010, biotech crops are the fastest-adopted crop technology in the history of modern agriculture, according to James, chairman and founder of ISAAA.

?Growth remains strong, with biotech hectarage increasing 14 million hectares -- or 10 percent ? between 2009 and 2010,? said James. ?That?s the second highest annual hectare growth ever ? bringing 2010 global plantings to 148 million hectares.?

For the first time, in 2010, the ten largest biotech crop growing countries all had more than 1 million hectares in production, providing a broad and stable base for future growth. In hectarage rank order, they include: USA (66.8 million), Brazil (25.4 million), Argentina (22.9 million), India (9.4 million), Canada (8.8 million), China (3.5 million), Paraguay (2.6 million), Pakistan (2.4 million), South Africa (2.2 million) and Uruguay (1.1 million).

For the second consecutive year, Brazil had the world?s largest year-over-year increase in absolute biotech crop plantings, adding 4 million hectares in 2010 -- a 19 percent increase -- to grow a total of 25.4 million hectares. Only the United States leads Brazil in total cropland devoted to biotech crops. Australia, which recovered from a multi-year drought, saw the largest proportional year-on-year increase in biotech crop plantings at 184 percent. Burkina Faso followed at 126 percent growth with 80,000 farmers planting 260,000 hectares, a 65 percent adoption rate.

Brazil, after expediting approvals of biotech crops (a total of 27, and 8 in 2010 alone) and securing export trade agreements, now plants 17 percent of the world?s biotech crops, according to Dr. Anderson Galvăo Gomes, director of Brazilian-based Celeres and contributor to the ISAAA report. Productivity increases attributed to biotech crops helped fuel Brazil?s ability to double its annual grain production since 1990 while increasing cropland by only 27 percent. The benefits from biotech crops are spurring strong political will and substantial new R&D investments in biotech crops, with speed and effectiveness increasing access to technology, Gomes noted. With an ability to bring up to 100 million more hectares of cropland, with water, into production, Brazil will continue to be a driving force in the global adoption of biotech crops and is investing in infrastructure to support that growth.

?Developing countries grew 48 percent of global biotech crops in 2010 and will exceed industrialized nations in their plantings of biotech crops by 2015,? said James. ?Clearly, the countries of Latin America and Asia will drive the most dramatic increases in global hectares planted to biotech crops during the remainder of the technology?s second decade of commercialization.?

The five principal developing countries growing biotech crops ? China, India, Brazil, Argentina and South Africa ? planted 63 million hectares of biotech crops in 2010, equivalent to 43 percent of the global total. All told, 19 of the 29 countries that have adopted biotech crops are developing nations, which grew at a rate of 17 percent or 10.2 million hectares over 2009 compared to only 5 percent growth or 3.8 million hectares in industrialized countries.

More than 90 percent of biotech crop growers are small-scale farmers

Of the 15.4 million farmers using the technology in 2010, 14.4 million were small-scale, resource-poor farmers in developing countries; these farmers are some of the poorest people in the world and biotech crops are contributing to the alleviation of their poverty, according to James. China and India now have the most small-scale farmers using biotech crops, with 6.5 million Chinese farmers and 6.3 million Indian farmers planting biotech crop seed. Remarkably, over the last 15 years, farmers worldwide have made 100 million independent decisions to plant biotech crops.

More than 1 billion people throughout Asia, who are members of the 250 million small-scale rice-producing households cultivating about one-half hectare, are potential beneficiaries from the expected commercialization of insect-resistant Bt rice expected to be introduced before 2015, James noted.

?This is important progress,? said James. ?Up to 6,000 deaths a day can be prevented with Golden Rice for Vitamin A deficient populations, which is expected to be available for planting in the Philippines by 2013 followed by Bangladesh, Indonesia and Vietnam.?

Countries new to biotech crop production, additional crops on horizon

In 2010, three nations grew biotech crops commercially for the first time, and one nation resumed planting biotech crops. Approximately 600,000 farmers in Pakistan and 375,000 farmers in Myanmar, planted insect-resistant Bt cotton, and Sweden (the first Scandinavian country to commercialize biotech crops) planted a new biotech high-quality starch potato approved for industrial and feed use. Germany also planted the same biotech potatoes in 2010, resuming its place among the eight EU nations now growing either biotech maize or potatoes.

James said he expects an additional 12 countries to adopt biotech crops by 2015 to bring the list of adopting nations to 40 (the number predicted by ISAAA in 2005), the number of farmers to double to 20 million, and global hectarage to double to 200 million hectares. Up to three or four additional countries are expected to grow biotech crops from each of the three regions of Asia, West Africa, East/Southern Africa and fewer from Latin/Central America, and Western and Eastern Europe. Mexico, the center of biodiversity for maize, successfully conducted its first field trials of Bt and herbicide tolerant maize in 2010. Mexico has already successfully grown biotech cotton and soybean for many years.

James said there is considerable potential for increasing the biotech adoption of the four current large hectarage biotech crops ? maize, soybean, cotton and canola ? which represented almost 150 million hectares in 2010 from a global potential of double that hectarage at over 300 million hectares. In the next five years, the timing of commercialized biotech rice, and drought tolerance as a trait in maize and several other crops are seminal catalysts for the future adoption of biotech crops globally. Drought tolerant maize is expected in the U.S. as early as 2012, and importantly, in Africa by 2017. The decision, four years ago, to delay biotech herbicide tolerant wheat is also being revisited and many countries are fast-tracking the development of biotech wheat with a range of traits including drought tolerance, disease resistance and grain quality ? the first of which are expected to be ready for commercialization as early as 2017. James expects several medium hectarage cro
 ps to be approved for commercialization by 2015, including: biotech potatoes resistant to the most important disease of potatoes in the world, ?late blight,? the cause of the Irish famine in 1845, sugarcane with improved agronomic and quality traits, disease-resistant bananas, Bt eggplant, tomato, broccoli, and cabbage, as well as some pro-poor crops, such as biotech cassava, sweet potato, pulses and groundnut. The 29 countries which planted biotech crops in 2010 already represent 59 percent of the world population, and James is cautiously optimistic about the contribution that biotech can make to the 2015 Millennium Development Goals of food security and poverty alleviation. 

?Biotech crops have played a perhaps underappreciated role in progress toward attainment of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals,? said James. ?Their impact by 2015 will be more universally recognized.?

Furthermore, biotech crops have contributed to sustainability and are helping mitigate climate change, said James: ?Biotech crops have helped reduce carbon emissions and save land, while helping alleviate poverty for some of the poorest people in the world.?

To provide more of the world?s small and resource-poor farmers access to biotech crops, James says there is an urgent need for appropriate regulatory systems that are responsible and rigorous ? but not onerous ? for small and poor developing countries.

For more information or the executive summary, log on to www.isaaa.org.

The report is entirely funded by two European philanthropic organizations: the Bussolera-Branca Foundation from Italy, which supports the open-sharing of knowledge on biotech crops to aid decision-making by global society; and a philanthropic unit within Ibercaja, one of the largest Spanish banks headquartered in the maize growing region of Spain.

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) is a not-for-profit organization with an international network of centers designed to contribute to the alleviation of hunger and poverty by sharing knowledge and crop biotechnology applications. Clive James, chairman and founder of ISAAA, has lived and/or worked for the past 30 years in the developing countries of Asia, Latin America and Africa, devoting his efforts to agricultural research and development issues with a focus on crop biotechnology and global food security.



                                  PART 2

------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:   WORLD?S FARMERS FAVOR BIOTECH CROP VARIETIES

SOURCE:  Biotechnology Industry Organisation, USA (BIO)

AUTHOR:  Press Release

URL:     http://bio.org/news/pressreleases/newsitem.asp?id=2011_0222_01

DATE:    22.02.2011

SUMMARY: "Sharon Bomer Lauritsen, Executive Vice President, Food and Agriculture for the Biotechnology Industry Organization, issued the following statement in response to the report?s findings: ?The 2010 ISAAA report proves once again that the global adoption of biotech crops ? especially corn, soybeans and cotton ? is on the rise as more and more farmers gain access to this beneficial technology. The productivity gains from biotechnology, for example, is enabling our world?s farmers to better feed a global population."

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WORLD?S FARMERS FAVOR BIOTECH CROP VARIETIES

?Biotech crops are the fastest adopted crop technology in the history of modern agriculture?

WASHINGTON, D.C. (Tuesday, February 22, 2011) - Because of its contribution to agricultural productivity and sustainable farming, growers around the world continue to choose biotech crop varieties according to a report released today by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA).

The ISAAA report, Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2010, says a record 15.4 million farmers in 29 countries are growing biotech crops on 366 million acres.

According to the report?s executive summary, ?a record 87-fold increase in hectarage between 1996 and 2010 makes biotech crops the fastest adopted crop technology in the history of modern agriculture.?

Sharon Bomer Lauritsen, Executive Vice President, Food and Agriculture for the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), issued the following statement in response to the report?s findings:

?The 2010 ISAAA report proves once again that the global adoption of biotech crops ? especially corn, soybeans and cotton ? is on the rise as more and more farmers gain access to this beneficial technology. The productivity gains from biotechnology, for example, is enabling our world?s farmers to better feed a global population.

?Agricultural biotechnology provides solutions for today?s growers in the form of plants that are more environmentally friendly while yielding more per acre, resisting diseases and insect pests and reducing farmers? production costs.

?When you look at the rising number of acres of biotech crops planted each year (366 million in 2010 compared with 330 million in 2009), and the increasing number of farmers who have chosen this technology (15.4 million in 2010 compared with 14 million in 2009), it?s obvious that biotech crops are delivering value to more and more growers around the world.

?Ninety percent (14.4 million) of these are resource-poor farmers in developing countries. In fact, developing countries grew 48 percent of global biotech crops in 2010. Because of agricultural biotechnology?s contribution to combating food insecurity and problems associated with poor nutrition, it is predicted that developing countries will exceed industrialized nations in their plantings of biotech crops by 2015.

?In the United States more than 165 million acres of biotech crops were planted in 2010, and the United States remains the top country in terms of biotech acreage. The primary biotech crops grown in the United States are corn, cotton and soybeans, but also canola, squash, papaya, alfalfa, and sugar beet.

?The benefits provided by agricultural biotechnology allow growers to produce more food, feed and fiber on less land, often with significant environmental benefits. Biotechnology can help crops thrive in drought-prone areas, can improve the nutrition content of foods, can grow alternative energy sources and can improve the lives of farmers and rural communities around the globe.

?In order to fully realize these promises for a better tomorrow, we need to continue to embrace scientific innovation.?

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA) report, Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2010 and accompanying materials are posted at www.isaaa.org.

About BIO

BIO represents more than 1,100 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers and related organizations across the United States and in more than 30 other nations. BIO members are involved in the research and development of innovative healthcare, agricultural, industrial and environmental biotechnology products. BIO also produces the BIO International Convention, the world?s largest gathering of the biotechnology industry, along with industry-leading investor and partnering meetings held around the world. BIO produces BIOtech Now, an online portal and monthly newsletter chronicling ?innovations transforming our world.?



                                  PART 3

------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:   FIFTEEN MILLION FARMERS CHOOSE GM

SOURCE:  abc Information, UK

AUTHOR:  Press Release

URL:     http://www.abcinformation.org/index.php?page=news&pageno=1

DATE:    22.02.2011

SUMMARY: "According to new figures released today by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, 15,400,000 farmers in 29 countries are now growing 148 million hectares of GM crops around the world. This is a ten per cent increase compared with last year. [...] Commenting on today?s figures, abc Chairman Dr Julian Little said: ?These statistics underline the crucial role that agricultural biotechnology is playing in delivering a stable, sustainable global food supply system."

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FIFTEEN MILLION FARMERS CHOOSE GM

DOUBLE DIGIT RISE IN USAGE DEMONSTRATES GLOBAL SUCCESS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

According to new figures released today by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), 15,400,000 farmers in 29 countries are now growing 148 million hectares of GM crops around the world. This is a ten per cent increase compared with last year.

The figures show that:

- A record 8 EU countries are now growing GM crops

- Germany and Sweden resumed planting GM crops in 2010

- Accumulated land planted with GM between 1996 and 2010 exceeds 1 billion hectares

- Developing countries account for 43% of global GM production

- For the GM yields that have been achieved since 1996 to have been achieved with conventional crops, it would have required extra land equivalent to 3x the size of the UK.

- Between 1998 and 2009, GM crops contributed to a reduction in the requirement of pesticides of 393 million kg.

Commenting on today?s figures, abc Chairman Dr Julian Little said:

?These statistics underline the crucial role that agricultural biotechnology is playing in delivering a stable, sustainable global food supply system.

As the UK Government?s recent Foresight report demonstrated, increasing population pressures coupled with the threat of climate change present a formidable challenge to meeting food and feed requirements. By adopting technologies that can increase yields and cope with more extreme climatic conditions, over 15 million farmers are recognising the key role that GM can play in making farming more reliable, more efficient and better able to meet the demands placed on the supply chain.

European farmers continue to be denied this choice due to an approvals system marred by political interference and persistent delays. If Europe is to play its part in meeting the global requirement for more food at an affordable price, then regulators must take the opportunities presented by biotech crops seriously and allow farmers to choose modern, science based methods of cultivation, including GM.?

Notes to Editors:

abc is the umbrella group for the agricultural biotechnology industry. The companies involved include BASF, Bayer CropScience, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont (Pioneer), Monsanto and Syngenta. Our goal is to provide information and education about the use of GM technology in the UK and around the world, based on respect for public interest, opinions and concerns.

The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) is a not-for-profit organisation that delivers the benefits of new agricultural biotechnologies to the poor in developing countries.www.isaaa.org

Today?s ISAAA report can be accessed via http://bit.ly/herYdb



                                  PART 4

------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:   EU FARMERS DITCH GM CROPS - INDUSTRY FIGURES SHOW DROP IN CULTIVATION

SOURCE:  Greenpeace International European Unit, The Netherlands

AUTHOR:  Press Release

URL:     http://www.greenpeace.org/eu-unit/press-centre/press-releases2/eu-farmers-ditch-gm-crops-22-02-11

DATE:    22.02.2011

SUMMARY: "Industry data released on Tuesday is expected to confirm that farmers are abandoning GM crops in Europe [...] Official figures from the European Union show that in 2010, the GM maize cultivation acreage in the EU declined by 13% compared to the previous year. [...] The sharpest decline took place in Romania (-75% compared to 2009) and the Czech Republic (-28% compared to 2009). In 2009, the ISAAA had also reported a 12% EU-wide decline compared to 2008."

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EU FARMERS DITCH GM CROPS - INDUSTRY FIGURES SHOW DROP IN CULTIVATION

Brussels, International ? Industry data released on Tuesday is expected to confirm that farmers are abandoning GM crops in Europe, following a trend of increasing public rejection in the EU, said Greenpeace. The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), a biotech industry-funded body, will publish its annual report on the acreage of land planted with GM crops, showing continued decline in GM cultivation in Europe.

Official figures from the European Union show that in 2010, the GM maize cultivation acreage in the EU declined by 13% compared to the previous year. [1] ISAAA figures that will be released later today are expected to closely mirror this decline. The sharpest decline took place in Romania (-75% compared to 2009) and the Czech Republic (-28% compared to 2009). In 2009, the ISAAA had also reported a 12% EU-wide decline compared to 2008. [2]

The cultivation of Monsanto?s GM maize MON810 is currently banned in seven EU countries due to environmental and health risks. [3] Cultivation of Amflora, BASF?s antibiotic-resistant GM potato, the only other crop authorised in Europe since March last year, is restricted to only 268 hectares (or the equivalent of 375 football pitches) in Sweden, Germany and the Czech Republic, with cultivation expected to decline to under 20 hectares in 2011. [4] Meanwhile, public rejection of GM crops in Europe has increased to 61%, according to EU polls. [5]

Greenpeace EU agriculture policy adviser Stefanie Hundsdorfer said: ?Today?s European data shows that GM crops are failing in the field and on the market. Farmers and consumers are not falling for biotech industry propaganda. GM crops are not more productive and are less resistant to extreme climate conditions than normal crops. They do however present a serious risk for our environment.?

Commercial GM cultivation in Europe ? 2010

Cultivation of GM maize / 2009 (ha) (1)  / 2010 (ha) / Change 2009 - 2010

Spain (2) / 76057.0 / 67726.0 / -10.95%

Portugal (3) / 5094.0 / 4868.5 / -4.42%

Czech Republic (4) / 6480.0 / 4680.0 / -27.78%

Poland (5) / 3000.0 / 3000.0 / 0.00%

Slovakia (6) / 875.0 / 1248.7 / 42.70%

Romania (7) / 3244.0 / 822.6 / -74.64%

Maize overall / 94,750 / 82,346 / -13.08%

(1) All GM cultivation figures for 2009 presented here are from: International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications? (ISAAA). Global status of Commercialized biotech/GM Crops: 2009. By Clive James, ISAAA brief 4, p. 182.

(2) Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino. 2010. Superficie en hectareas de variedades maiz g.m. que se encuentran incluidas en el registro de variedades comerciales (Spanish Ministry of Agriculture)

(http://www.mapa.es/agricultura/pags/semillas/estadisticas/serie_maizgm98_06.pdf)

(3) Ministério da Agricultura, do Desenvolvimento Rural e das Pescas, cultivo de Milho geneticamente modificado em 2010, dados nacionais. (Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture)

(4) Ministerstva zemědělství (Czech Ministry of Agriculture) (http://eagri.cz/public/web/mze/zemedelstvi/gmo-geneticky-modifikovane-organismy/geneticky-modifikovane-plodiny-jsou.html)

(5) In Poland, no official figures on GM cultivation are available. According to media reports, the total acreage of MON810 cultivation in Poland in 2009 was 3000 hectares. (http://www.rp.pl/artykul/422200.html).

(6) Ministerstvo pôdohospodárstva (Slovak Ministry of Agriculture): (http://www.mpsr.sk/sk/index.php?navID=2&navID2=2&sID=40&sID2=27&id=3922)

(7) Ministerul Agriculturii directia generala si dezvoltarii rurale politici agricole. (Romanian Ministry of Agriculture) (http://www.infomg.ro/web/en/GMOs_in_Romania)

Cultivation of the GM potato Amflora in 2010 (in ha):

Czech Republic (1) / 150

Sweden (2) / 103

Germany (3) / 15

Overall (ha) / 268

(1) Ministerstva zemědělství (Czech Ministry of Agriculture) (http://eagri.cz/public/web/mze/zemedelstvi/gmo-geneticky-modifikovane-organismy/geneticky-modifikovane-plodiny-jsou.html)

(2) Jordbruksverket (Swedish Board of Agriculture): 103 hectares were registered for cultivation in 2010. There are no official figures confirming that these hectares have actually been cultivated. Other sources also talk about 80 hectares of cultivation: Swedish farmers magazine: http://www.lantbruk.com/premiar-for-svensk-gmo-potatis/2010-05-28; Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie? (Flemish Institute for Biotechnology): http://www.vib.be/en/news/Documents/VIB%20Background%20report%20Amflora.pdf

(3) Official public register by the German government: http://apps2.bvl.bund.de/stareg_web/showflaechen.do

Notes to Editor

[1] See tables below.

[2] ISAAA, global status of commercialized biotech/GM Crops: 2009. By Clive James, ISAAA brief 4, pp. 181-182.

[3] Countries with a ban on MON810 are: Germany, France, Austria, Hungary, Greece, Luxembourg and Bulgaria.

[4] http://www.basf.com/group/pressrelease/P-11-142

http://www.foodprocessing-technology.com/news/news109205.html

[5] Special Eurobarometer 341 - 73.1 on Biotechnology.http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_341_en.pdf



                                  PART 5

------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:   CRACKS WIDEN IN BIOTECH INDUSTRY MYTHS

SOURCE:  Friends of the Earth International, The Netherlands

AUTHOR:  Press Release

URL:     http://www.foei.org/en/media/cracks-widen-in-biotech-industry-myths

DATE:    22.02.2011

SUMMARY: "Governments are being forced to protect farmers and citizens from genetically modified crops to combat biotech corporations? stranglehold over farmers, and health scares from escalating pesticide use, according to a new report by Friends of the Earth International. On the eve of the release of industry-sponsored figures on the adoption of GM crops globally, the research highlights how even pro-GM governments in South America and the United States have been forced to take steps to mitigate the negative impacts of GM crops on farmers, citizens and the environment."

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CRACKS WIDEN IN BIOTECH INDUSTRY MYTHS

AMSTERDAM / BRUSSELS / MONTEVIDEO / BENIN CITY, 22 February 2011 - Governments are being forced to protect farmers and citizens from genetically modified crops (GM crops) to combat biotech corporations? stranglehold over farmers, and health scares from escalating pesticide use, according to a new report by Friends of the Earth International. [1]

On the eve of the release of industry-sponsored figures on the adoption of GM crops globally, the research highlights how even pro-GM governments in South America and the United States have been forced to take steps to mitigate the negative impacts of GM crops on farmers, citizens and the environment. [2]

* Read our report here

In South America, the Brazilian Government has launched a GM-free soy programme to help farmers access non-GM soy seeds. In Argentina new research has exposed that the herbicide Glyphosate, used on the majority of GM crops grown worldwide, could have severe negative impacts on human health. [3] This has led to bans on spraying of the herbicide near people?s homes. In Uruguay, local areas are declaring themselves GM-free.

Friends of the Earth International Food Sovereignty coordinator Martin Drago said,

?Farmers and citizens in South America are bearing the burden of ten years of GM crops with widespread health disasters and rising costs. The myths on which the biotech industry is built are crumbling.

The havoc wreaked across South America shows that this technology is not compatible with sustainable farming. It is a wake up call for the rest of the world to move towards more ecological methods of farming.?

Widespread resistance to GM crops in the developing world and Europe means that they are only planted on a large scale in a handful of countries and that over 97% of global agricultural land is GM-free.

Friends of the Earth Europe Campaigner Mute Schimpf said:

"The widespread opposition to genetically modified crops and foods in Europe continues to rise because consumers and farmers can see that they offer no added value and instead create environmental and health risks.

GM crops will hinder, not help the challenge of ensuring we can feed our global population with safe and healthy food."

Friends of the Earth International's report "Who Benefits from GM crops? An industry built on myths" 2011 also finds that:

-  A new generation of GM crops designed to promote the use of pesticides Dicamba and 2,4 D, are set for release in the United States. GM companies are promoting these as a solution to the failure of existing GM crops to control weeds and reduce pesticide use.

-  Biotech companies, aided by the United States Government, are now looking to new markets in Africa in an attempt to salvage profits. The Gates foundation, which funds billions of dollars worth of agriculture projects in Africa, has bought shares in Monsanto, giving the Gates foundation a direct interest in maximising the profits of Monsanto over protecting the interests of small holders in Africa.

- GM crops continue to collapse in Europe. Less than 0.06 percents of European fields are planted with GM crops. Seven EU countries have banned Monsanto's GM maize because of growing evidence of its negative environmental impacts. Three countries banned BASF?s GM potato due to health concerns immediately after its authorisation in spring 2010, and for the first time five member states have sued the European Commission over the authorisation of a GM crop.

NOTES

[1] See Who Benefits from GM crops: the industry built on myths. http://www.foei.org/en/who-benefits-from-gm-crops-2011

[2] See also Friends of the Earth International 2010 ?Who Benefits from GM crops: the great climate change swindle? http://www.foei.org/en/resources/publications/pdfs/2010/who-benefits-from-gm-crops-2010

[3] Paganelli, A et al. Glyphosate-Based Herbicides Produce Teratogenic Effects on Vertebrates by Impairing Retinoic Acid Signaling, Chem. Res. Toxicol., 2010, 23 (10), pp 1586?1595, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx1001749