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3-Food: European Commission approves Bt maize 1507 for food and feed



                                 PART I
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TITLE:  EU Approves New Type of Genetically Modified Maize
SOURCE: Reuters
DATE:   06 Mar 2006

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EU Approves New Type of Genetically Modified Maize

BRUSSELS - The European Commission on Friday authorised the marketing of
a new type of genetically modified (GMO) maize, known as pioneer line
1507, despite a deadlock among EU member states.

"The authorisation means that this maize type will now be allowed to be
marketed in the EU as food, food ingredients or derived products, such
as oil and starch," Commission spokesman for health and consumer
protection Philip Tod told a briefing.

"In line with EU labelling and traceability rules, any product
containing it will have to clearly indicate its genetically modified
nature," he said.

The executive Commission was forced to make the decision after European
Union member states failed to reach agreement on the issue in December.

The maize is jointly made by Pioneer Hi-Bred International, a subsidiary
of DuPont Co, and Dow AgroSciences unit Mycogen Seeds.

The 1507 maize is modified to resist certain insects and herbicides and
would not be for cultivation, although Pioneer/Mycogen have also
requested this use under a separate application still pending in the EU
authorisation process.

In March 2005, the European Food Safety Authority said it was safe to
grow the maize, while in November it was given the green light to be
used in animal feed.

GMOs have become a thorny issue for the EU with the World Trade
Organization ruling last month that the 25-member bloc and specifically
six member states had broken trade rules by barring entry to genetically
modified crops and foods.

The countries named in the report were France, Germany, Austria, Italy,
Luxembourg and Greece.

Countries bristled at the ruling that touches on national sovereignty
with some saying they would do their level best to keep farming GMO-free.

European environment ministers will hold a public hearing on the subject
when they meet in Brussels on Thursday next week. Top of the agenda will
be the way in which the EU's 25 countries make decisions on GMOs.

Ministers currently must decide by qualified majority. However, next
week's hearing will discuss the possibility of reaching a decision by
simple majority.


                                 PART II
------------------------------- GENET-news -------------------------------

TITLE:  GMOs: new maize type authorised for marketing as food
SOURCE: European Commission, Midday Express MEX/06/0303
        http://europa.eu.int/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEX/
06/0303&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
DATE:   03 Mar 2006

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GMOs: new maize type authorised for marketing as food

The European Commission today authorised the placing on the market of
genetically modified maize line 1507 for use as food and food
ingredients. The authorisation means that this maize type will now be
allowed to be marketed in the EU as food, food ingredients or derived
products, such as oil and starch. In line with EU labelling and
traceability rules, any product containing it will have to clearly
indicate its genetically modified nature. The Commission's decision
follows the inability of Council on 20 December 2005 to either approve
or reject the application for the authorisation of this GMO on the basis
of the favourable opinion delivered by the European Food Safety
Authority (EFSA) on 3 March 2005. http://www.efsa.eu.int/science/gmo/
gm_ff_applications/more_info/503_en.html Genetically modified maize (Zea
mays L.) line 1507 has been designed to resist to the European corn
borer (Ostrinia nubilalis, a beetle which can cause severe damage to
maize crops) and certain other pests ("lepidopteran" pests), and with
tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate-ammonium, thus improving
weedmanagement and crop production. This is the first authorisation
given under Regulation 1829/2003 on GM Food and Feed. This new
legislation introduces key new elements such as improved labelling
rules, a method of detection and unique identifier codes for the
authorised GMOs. Further info: http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/food/
biotechnology/index_en.htm and the Questions and Answers on the
regulation of GMOs in the EU MEMO/04/102

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GENET
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Hartmut MEYER (Mr)
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