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6-Regulation: Brazil's biosafety bill signed - Battle over transgenic continues



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TITLE:  Biosafety Bill signed - Battle over transgenic continues
SOURCE: GM-FREE BRAZIL Bulletin #14
        Periodical news & analysis of the Campaign For a GM-Free Brazil
DATE:   1 Apr 2005

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GM-FREE BRAZIL
Periodical news & analysis of the Campaign For a GM-Free Brazil
Bulletin #14

Biosafety Bill signed
Battle over transgenic continues
After the law comes into force, it begins the time when the society must
stay alert for the composition of the new CTNBIo

Brazil's President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva had just signed the
Biosafety Bill establishing the regulatory process for the approval of
biotech crops. The battle over transgenics will continue, though, through
the mobilization of environmentalists and consumer defense groups. The
bill is also being analysed to check potential channels for legal action.

The new Biosafety Law, signed on March 24, will replace the one adopted
in 1995 and will make it easier to acquire authorization for planting
genetically modified crops, as well as authorizing embryonic stem cell
research for treatment purposes. The combination of these two rather
disparate issues in a single piece of legislation reflects the tortuous
road traveled by the Bill.

According to the public letter released by non-governmental
organizations, criticizing the act of the President, the inclusion of
research with embryonic stem cells on the text of the law was a "smoke
screen" used in favor of the transgenic lobbying campaign, in a way to
distract the public opinion on the implications of GMOs.

The issue of transgenics was overlooked in these lobbying efforts. The
Biosafety Bill grants full power to authorize the research and commercial
liberation of GMOs to the National Technical Committee on Biosafety
(CTNBio). According to the new law, the Committee can freely adopt
decisions without prior consulting to the Ministry of the Environment or
even the health authorities responsible for studying the potential threat
of genetic modified organisms posed to human health.

Another aggravating circumstance is that CTNBio had already demonstrated
its commitment to promoting biotechnology, not biosafety, not only by the
composition of its members, most of them dedicated to the development of
GMOs, but also on situations such as the one occurred less than a week
later of the approval of the law by the Deputies Chamber, when the
Committee rushed and called together an extraordinary assembly to
deliberate on the request of Monsanto to liberate a variety of genetic
modified cotton. The demand was approved, of course, when the law wasn't
even into practice, as President Lula had not signed it yet.

A few days before the ratification of the law, the ministries of Health
and Environment tried a last shot and suggested a list of rejection to
some articles of the Bill, focused mainly on the absolute power of
CTNBio. As it was expected, President Lula did not accept them. However,
there was some "courtesy" of him to these two ministries by making a
change on the original text which foreseed that the minimum quantity of
members to approve the requests of researches and liberations of
transgenic was only eight from a group of 27. According to the new law,
this number is not yet settled, but the tendency is that it won't be less
than half of the total.

Another shift concerns to the article that had established a fixed term
for the National Council on Biosafety (CNB, in Portuguese) to decide on
processes forwarded to this body, responsible to analyse cases that were
not a consensus at CTNBio. From now on, there will be no fixed term for
this kind of decisions. Notwithstanding, the shifts granted by the
president did not change the core of the law.

Even the Brazilian Society for the Science Progress (SBPC, in Portuguese)
sent an alert to the public, recommending "precaution" on the commercial
utilization of GMOs and stem cells. According to Ennio Candotti,
president of SBPC, the society is in favor of the research with genetic
modified crops, but manifests carefulness in regard to its liberation for
commercial use. "Each case must be carefully analysed, taking into
account the potential risks to the environment and human health", said
Candotti.

The coordinator of CTNBio, Jairon Alcir do Nascimento, already announced
that the Committee intends to overcome the number of projects with
genetic modified organisms analysed last year. According to him, there
are already 587 requests of analysis, made since the beginning of 2004.

The inappropriate scenario calls for a mobilization around the new
composition of the Committee. The society must ascertain that the new
constitution of CTNBio will not continue with the abuses of the previous
one, and a crucial beginning for that comes with the choice of its
members, that must be experts on biosafety, not biotechnology, and must
not have odd relationship with biotech companies, nor even work with
transgenic researches, otherwise, their verdict will be more that compromised.


GM-FREE BRAZIL - An international periodical news & analysis bulletin on
the development of the struggle against GMOs in Brazil.
Published by Assessoria e Serviços a Projetos em Agricultura Alternativa
(AS-PTA).
Editor: Sabrina Petry.
The Campaign For a GM-Free Brazil is a collective of Brazilian NGOs and
social movements.
AS-PTA main office: Rua da Candelária, 9/6o / Centro, Rio de Janeiro,
Brasil. Phone: 0055-21-2253-8317 Fax: 0055-21-2233-363 E-mail:
imprensa@aspta.org.br




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