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6-Regulation: More news on U.S. challenge of EU GMO moratorium

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                                  PART I
-------------------------------- GENET-news --------------------------------

TITLE:  EU blasts back at Bush over biotech food
SOURCE: Agence France press/EUBusiness
DATE:   May 26, 2003

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EU blasts back at Bush over biotech food

BRUSSELS, May 26 (AFP) - The European Commission blasted Monday as
"unacceptable" a US accusation that the European Union was starving
developing countries because of its ban on Genetically Modified Organisms
(GMOs). EU Trade Commissioner Pascal Lamy made the rebuttal after US
President George W. Bush said last week that the EU's policy on biotech
foods was hindering efforts to fight famine in Africa. "It is one thing
not to have the same feeling on the level of precautions one must take
over GMOs. We feel the need for more precautions than the Americans," he
said. But "to accuse for example the EU of starving the Third World
because we don't stuff them with GMO surpluses or to use this kind of
argument, that is clearly going much to far, that is absolutely
unacceptable," he said. Bush, who is travelling to Europe this week,
scolded the EU on aid to poor nations last Wednesday, saying the EU ban
on GMOs was an obstacle to battling widespread starvation. "Our partners
in Europe are impeding this effort. They have blocked all new biocrops
because of unfounded, unscientific fears," he said in a graduation day
speech to the US Coast Guard Academy. "This has caused many African
nations to avoid investing in biotechnologies, for fear that their
products will be shut out of European markets. European governments
should join -- not hinder -- the great cause of ending hunger in Africa,"
he said. Lamy said: "There are arguments... which should not be used in
this kind of debate, otherwise one crosses lines in the debate which in
general are reproved by morality."

                                  PART II
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TITLE:  EU still split over biotech crops
SOURCE: Agence France Press/EUBusiness
DATE:   May 26, 2003

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EU still split over biotech crops

BRUSSELS, May 26 (AFP) - EU farm ministers remained divided Monday over
growing genetically modified crops alongside traditional produce, EU
sources said. Britain and Spain argued that legislating on the issue
should be left to individual states, while a hard core group of Austria,
Belgium and Portugal are pushing for EU-wide rules. Europe's ban on
genetically modified foods, which also divides EU countries, has led to a
US-led protest to the World Trade Organization. The European Commission,
the EU's executive body, sided with the British and Spanish camp, saying
that an panel of experts had concluded that situations vary widely from
country to country. "Any approach to co-existence has to take account of
the vast diversity in farm structures, dominant crop types, climatic
conditions and other regional and local production factors," said
Agriculture Commissioner Franz Fischler. He added: "The best solution
would be for member states to take the initiative and develop and
implement measures for co-existence according to their national or
regional needs and circumstances." The commission's view is also backed
by the Netherlands, Ireland, Finland and Sweden, while Denmark, France,
Germany, Luxembourg, Italy and Greece support the idea of drawing up EU
rules on the issue. Britain, Spain and the commission also called for a
rapid lifting of the EU moratorium on authorizing new Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs). "Coexistence cannot be used an alibi to
prolong the moratorium," Fischler said.

                                  PART III
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TITLE:  U.S. Senate resolution on EU GMO moratorium
SOURCE: U.S. Senate, Senate Resolution 154
DATE:   May 23, 2003

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Expressing the support of the Senate of United States efforts in the
World Trade Organization to end the unwarranted moratorium imposed by the
European Union on the approval of agricultural... (Agreed to by Senate)

1st Session
S. RES. 154

Expressing the support of the Senate of United States efforts in the
World Trade Organization to end the unwarranted moratorium imposed by the
European Union on the approval of agricultural biotechnology products.


May 23, 2003

Mr. TALENT (for himself, Mrs. LINCOLN, Mr. BOND, Mr. LUGAR, Mr. BAUCUS,
Mr. BUNNING, and Mr. ROBERTS) submitted the following resolution; which
was considered and agreed to


Expressing the support of the Senate of United States efforts in the
World Trade Organization to end the unwarranted moratorium imposed by the
European Union on the approval of agricultural biotechnology products.

Whereas agricultural biotechnology is subject to the strictest Federal
review in the United States, based on sound science, by the Department of
Agriculture, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Food and Drug
Administration prior to planting and human consumption;

Whereas agricultural biotechnology has made considerable contributions to
the protection of the environment by creating an environment more
hospitable to wildlife and reducing the application of pesticides by
46,000,000 pounds in 2001 alone;

Whereas agricultural biotechnology holds tremendous promise for greatly
increasing the world's supply of nutritious and wholesome foods which
will improve the quality of life and health in the developing world;

Whereas there is objective and experience-based consensus in the
international scientific community, including the National Academy of
Sciences, the American Medical Association, the Royal Society of London,
the French Academy of Medicine, the French Academy of Sciences, the
Brazilian Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the
Indian National Science Academy, and the Mexican Academy of Sciences,
that agricultural biotechnology is safe;

Whereas policy decisions regarding agricultural biotechnology in the
European Union are being driven by politics and not by sound science;

Whereas since the late 1990s, the European Union has pursued policies
that shelter its markets from competition by opposing the use of
agricultural biotechnology;

Whereas agricultural biotechnology policies of the European Union have
frustrated the development of modern scientific tools and plant
technology that could expand the production of indigenous food products
by addressing problems related to local pests, weather conditions, and
vitamin deficiencies;

Whereas since its implementation in October 1998, the moratorium has
blocked more than $300,000,000 annually in United States corn exports to
countries in the European Union;

Whereas the European Union's unjustified moratorium on agricultural
biotechnology approvals has ramifications far beyond the United States
and Europe, forcing a slowdown in the adoption and acceptance of
beneficial biotechnology to the detriment of farmers and consumers around
the world, and especially to starving people in the developing world;

Whereas in the fall of 2002, famine-stricken African countries rejected
healthy, wholesome, United States humanitarian offers of food aid because
of ill-informed health and environmental concerns and fears that future
exports to Europe would be jeopardized; and

Whereas the 5-year moratorium on the approval of new agricultural
biotechnology products entering the European market is not science based,
effectively prohibits most United States corn exports to Europe, violates
European Union law, and clearly breaches the rules of the World Trade
Organization: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Senate supports and applauds the efforts of the
Administration on behalf of the Nation's farmers, challenging the long-
standing, unwarranted moratorium imposed by the European Union on the
approval of agricultural biotechnology products and encourages the
President to continue to press this issue at the G-8 Summit in Evian,
France, on June 1 through 3, 2003.


Simple Resolutions

Simple resolutions are designated H.Res. and S.Res., followed by a
number. A simple resolution addresses matters entirely within the
prerogative of one house, such as revising the standing rules of one
Chamber. Simple resolutions are also used to express the sentiments of a
single house, such as offering condolences to the family of a deceased
member of Congress, or it may give "advice" on foreign policy or other
executive business. Simple resolutions do not require the approval of the
other house nor the signature of the President, and they do not have the
force of law.


European NGO Network on Genetic Engineering

Hartmut MEYER (Mr)
Kleine Wiese 6
D - 38116 Braunschweig

phone:  +49-531-5168746
fax:    +49-531-5168747
mobile: +49-162-1054755
email:  genetnl(at)