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6-Regulation: Hawaii files bill on GE coffee moratorium



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                                  PART I
-------------------------------- GENET-news --------------------------------

TITLE:  Bill Status HB99
SOURCE: Government of Hawaii, USA
        http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/site1/docs/getstatus2.asp?billno=HB99
DATE:   downloaded on Feb 4, 2003

------------------ archive: http://www.gene.ch/genet.html ------------------


Hawaii State Legislature
Bill Status
HB99
Generated on 2/3/03 11:08:06 PM

Measure Title: RELATING TO GENETICALLY MODIFIED COFFEE.
Report Title: Genetically modified coffee
Description: Imposes a moratorium on the release and planting of
genetically modified coffee in the county of Hawaii until a permit
process has been developed. Establishes a permitting process.
Package: None
Companion:
Introducer(s): HERKES
Current Referral: AGR, FIN

Date            Status Text
1/16/03     H   Filed.
1/17/03     H   Introduced and Pass First Reading
1/21/03     H   Referred to AGR, FIN, referral sheet 1.


                                  PART II
-------------------------------- GENET-news --------------------------------

TITLE:  A BILL FOR AN ACT relating to genetically modified coffee
SOURCE: Government of Hawaii, USA
        http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/sessioncurrent/bills/hb99_.htm
DATE:   downloaded on Feb 4, 2003

------------------ archive: http://www.gene.ch/genet.html ------------------


Report Title: Genetically modified coffee
Description: Imposes a moratorium on the release and planting of
genetically modified coffee in the county of Hawaii until a permit
process has been developed. Establishes a permitting process.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
H.B. NO. 99
TWENTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE, 2003
STATE OF HAWAII


A BILL FOR AN ACT
relating to genetically modified coffee.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

SECTION 1. Coffee has been grown continuously in the districts of north
and south Kona for over one hundred and seventy years. Coffee from this
area is referred to as Kona typica and is acknowledged to be one of the
highest quality coffees in the world. Kona coffee provides an enormous
economic contribution to the county of Hawaii and the State of Hawaii,
generating approximate yields of three million pounds of green coffee
annually with an estimated income at the farm gate in excess of
$15,000,000, and a much higher value at the wholesale and retail levels.

Three research institutes on Oahu are currently conducting research to
develop genetically modified coffee plants. Although coffee is primarily
self-pollinated, it may be cross-pollinated ten per cent of the time.
Therefore, nongenetically modified coffee in the neighboring orchards
could become pollinated with genetically modified pollen.

Because organic coffee is an expanding high value niche crop within the
Kona coffee industry, the legislature finds that it must be protected
from any traces of genetically modified interference. Currently, the
county of Hawaii has no regulatory authority or department with the
scientific competence to regulate the release and development of
genetically modified coffee crops.

The purpose of this Act is to:

(1) Impose a moratorium on the release and planting of genetically
modified coffee plants in the districts of north and south Kona;

(2) Establish a regional regulatory panel to extensively evaluate genetic
contamination from pollen drift and other environmental consequences
associated with the development and genetically modified coffee stock and
its release; and

(3) Require the department of agriculture to work with Kona coffee
industry group leaders to develop a permitting process for genetically
modified coffee.

SECTION 2. There is imposed a moratorium on the release and planting of
genetically modified coffee plants in the county of Hawaii until a
regional regulatory panel and the department of agriculture establishes a
permitting process for genetically modified coffee.

SECTION 3. A regional regulatory panel (panel) shall be established by
the department of agriculture. The panel shall extensively evaluate
genetic contamination from pollen drift and other environmental
consequences and secondary ecological effects to assure that the
biological integrity of Kona heritage coffee is preserved and the market
value of Kona coffee is protected from any adverse consequences and
secondary effects associated with the development of genetically modified
coffee stock and its release.

SECTION 4. The department of agriculture and the panel shall establish a
joint committee to develop a permitting process that includes:

(1) Advance notification to the Kona coffee industry of permit
applications for release or planting of genetically modified coffee in
the county of Hawaii;

(2) Public hearing for input from the Kona coffee growers as to the
potential impact of release or planting of genetically modified coffee in
the county of Hawaii prior to any permit being granted;

(3) Having members from the Kona coffee industry serve on the permitting
body; and

(4) Requiring unanimous vote on the permitting body.

SECTION 5. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

INTRODUCED BY: _____________________________