Swiss law/ protection gentech-free agriculture
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- Subject: Swiss law/ protection gentech-free agriculture
- From: Florianne Koechlin <email@example.com>
- Date: Wed, 9 Apr 2003 10:39:28 +0200
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genet-news mailing list
The Swiss Parliament passed the law on genetic engineering end of March 2003.
Of special interest may be, that the law prescibes the protection of
gentechfree agriculture and the freedom of choice for consumers (to get
GE-free food). Below an inofficial translation of this article 7:
Art. 7 Protection of production without genetically modified organisms and
of free choice of consumers
Genetically modified organisms shall be handled in such a way that they,
their metabolites or their wastes do not adversely affect the fabrication
of products without genetically modified organisms as well as the free
choice of consumers.
For experimental releases there are several conditions to be fulfilled
before the release (inofficial translation)
Art. 6 Protection of people, animals, environment and biodiversity
1 Genetically modified organisms shall be handled in such a way that they,
their metabolites or their wastes do not
a. endanger people, animals or the environment;
b. impair biodiversity and its sustainable use.
2 Genetically modified organisms may be released for experimental purposes, if:
a. the knowledge cannot be obtained by experiments under contained use
b. the release also contributes to research concerning biosafety issues of
genetically modified organisms;
c. no resistance genes against antibiotics used in human or veterinary
medicine have been inserted;
d. according to scientific knowledge a dispersal of these organisms or
their transgenic properties can be excluded and the principles of para. 1
are not be violated in any other way.
3 Genetically modified organisms destined for use in the environment may
only be marketed, if they do not contain genetically inserted resistance
genes against antibiotics used in human or veterinary medicine and if it
has experimentally been shown by contained use experiments or by
experimental releases that they do not:
a. damage populations of organisms that are protected or important for the
b. lead to unintentional extinction of any species of organism;
c. strongly or permanently disturb the chemical equilibrium of the environment;
d. strongly or permanently impair important functions of the ecosystem
affected, in particular soil fertility;
e. disperse in the environment or disseminate their properties in an
undesirable way; and
f. violate the principles of para. 1 in any other way.
4 Endangering and impairments shall be assessed singly as well as in their
entirety and according to their combined actions; to this purpose also the
connection with other endangering and impairments which are not caused by
genetically modified organisms shall be taken into account.
CH 4142 Münchenstein