GENET archive


6-Genetech §§: BIOSAFETY - Scientists support strong Biosafety Protocol

-------------------------- GENET-news ---------------------------

TITLE:  Scientists support strong Biosafety Protocol
SOURCE: Institute of Science in Society, UK
DATE:   January 2000

----------------- archive: ------------------

SIGN ON: Scientists support strong Biosafety Protocol

Please visit the Institute of Science in Society (ISIS) website
for full letter and sign on

Our list of world scientists who signed onto our Open Letter to
All Governments has swelled to 231, from 31 countries (mid
December). We are planning to get more signatures and submit the
letter to the government delegations to the Biosafety Conference
in Montreal jan.25, 2000. The letter was submitted to heads of
delegation at the WTO, at the time there were 144 scientists from
27 countries.

The summary of the letter is reproduced below together with the
full list of scientists.

Institute of Science in Society Website:


14 December, 1999 Open Letter from World Scientists to All


We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension
of all environmental releases of GM crops and products; for
patents on life-forms and living processes to be revoked and
banned; and for a comprehensive public enquiry into the future of
agriculture and food security for all.

Patents on life-forms and living processes threaten food
security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic
resources, violate basic human rights and dignity, compromise
healthcare, impede medical and scientific research and are
against the welfare of animals.

Life-forms such as organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes are
discoveries and hence not patentable. Current GM techniques which
exploit living processes are unreliable, uncontrollable and
unpredictable, and do not qualify as inventions. Furthermore,
those techniques are inherently hazardous, as are many GM
organisms and products.

The latest largescale surveys of GM crops showed they offered no
benefits. On the contrary, they yield significantly less and
require more herbicides. GM crops intensify corporate monopoly on
food which is driving family farmers to destitution, and
preventing the essential shift to sustainable agriculture that
can guarantee food security and health around the world

The hazards of GM crops and products to biodiversity and human
and animal health are now becoming apparent, and some even
acknowledged by sources within the UK and US Governments. In
particular, the horizontal spread of antibiotic resistance marker
genes from GM crops will compromise the treatment of life
threatening infectious diseases which have come back worldwide.
New findings show that the horizontal spread of transgenic DNA
can occur, not only by ingestion but via breathing in pollen and
dust. The cauliflower mosaic viral promoter, widely used in GM
crops, may enhance horizontal gene transfer and has the potential
to generate new viruses that cause diseases.

We urge all Governments to take account of the scientific
evidence in accordance with the precautionary principle, to
negotiate a strong and effective International Biosafety Protocol
under the CBD, and to ensure that biosafety legislations at the
national and international levels take precedence over trade and
financial agreements at the WTO. Research into sustainable
agricultural methods that do not require GM crops should be
widely supported. Many sustainable agricultural systems have
already resulted in increased yields and diminished environmental
impacts around the world.

Signed (231 scientists from 31 countries):

1.   Prof. Adolfo E. Boy, Horticulture and Sustainable Agri.
     Univ. Moron, Chair of Inst. of Sustainble Agriculture,
2.   Dr. Maria G. Neunteufel, Economist, Vienna, Austria
3.   Dr. Gertrude Kaffenbock. Ph.D. candidate, Agricultural
     Economist, St. Polton, Austria
4.   Dr. Peter j. McMachon, Plant Physiologist, Genethics,
     Australia Conservation Foundation, Australia
5.   Dr. Graeme E. Browne, General Practitioner, Melbourne,
     PSRAST, Australia
6.   Dr. Horst W. Doelle, Prof. Micobiology, Univ. Queensland
     retired, Chair of International Organisation for
     Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Director, MIRCEN
     Biotechnology, Brisbance and Pacific Regional Network.
7.   Angela Fehringer, Anthropology Student, Sydney, Australia
8.   Margaret Jackson, BSc.Genetics, National Genetics Awareness
     Alliance, Australia
9.   Dr. Ted Steele, Molecular Immunologist, U.  Wollengong,
10.  Stephen Glanville PDC, ECOS Design, Australia
11.  Dr Farhad Mazhar, Ecologist, New Agricultural Movement,
12.  Renata Menasche, Agronomist, Federal Un. of Rio Grand du
     Sul, Brazil
13.  Paulo Roberto Martins, Research Institute of Technology,
14.  Dr Thomas R. Preston, Un. of Tropical Agriculture, Cambodia
15.  Prof. David Suzuki, Geneticist, U.B.C., Canada
16.  Prof. Joe Cummins, Geneticist, University of Western
     Ontario, Canada
17.  Dr Warren Bell, MD, Canad. Assoc. of Physicians for the
     Environ., Canada
18.  Prof. Abby Lippman, Epidemologist & Geneticist, McGill Un.
19.  Prof. Ronald Labonte, Population Health Research Director,
     Ontario, Canada
20.  Prof. Ed Daniel, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster Univ.,
     Ontario, Canada
21.  Prof. Emeritus Edwin E. Daniel, FRSC, Health Science,
     McMaster Univ. Ontario, Canada
22.  Dr. Ingrid C. Northwood, Biochemist, Simon Fraser Univ.,
23.  Laura Mitchell, Earth Scientist, APEGBG, Canada
24.  Steve Robak, Canadian Department of National Defence, Canada
25.  Dr. John C. Worketin, Retired computer scientist, Ontario,
26.  Aaron Jette, Anthrolopogy student, McGill Univ., Montreal,
27.  Prof. Alain Cuerrier, Taxonomy/Botany, Quebec, Univ. of
     Montreal, Canada
28.  Anna D. Noikov, B.A.B.Ed., Wholistic Practitioner, Edmonton,
29.  Dr. Carolyn A. Simmerman, ND.DC, Docotr., Whole Health
     Centre, Edmonton, Canada
30.  Denis Cauchon, M.Sc. Ph.D. candidate, Toxicology, Ecole HEC,
     Montreal, Canada
31.  Dr. Gavin A. Kemp, ret. Researcher, Vegetable Crop Breeding,
     Lethbridge, Canada
32.  Dr. James A. Nero, D.C., General Practitioner,
     neuromusculoskeletal medicine, Coquitlam, Canada
33.  John B. Van Loon, M.Sc., Storage Entomologist, retired,
     Canadian Grain Commission, Winnipeg, PSRAST, Canada
34.  Prof. Ralph C. Martin, Plant Science, Nova Scotia
     Agricultural College, Truro, Canada
35.  Prof. R.M. Wolfson, Physicist, Maharishi Vedic College,
     Ottawa, Canada
36.  Virginia F. Flamarique, AMD, Consultant Agrologist,
     Edmonton, Canada
37.  Yoon C. Chen, B.Sc., DPM Podiatrist, Foot Clinic,
     Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
38.  Prof. Marijan Jost, Plant Geneticist, Agricultural College,
     Krizevci, Croatia
39.  Prof. Drasko Seman, Ecologist, Univ. Zagreb Medical School,
     Croatia, Croatian Man and Biosphere Committee, UNESCO South
     Eastern Mediterranean Sea Project, UNESCO Comm. Ed. &
     Communication, INCN, European Committee on Environmental
     Ed., IUCN, Croatia
40.  Prof Anton Svajger, Un Zagreb Medical School, Croatia
41.  Vesna Samobor, M.Sc. Agricultural College, Krizevci, Croatia
42.  Damir Magdic, M.Sc.  Food Scientist, Osijek Un, Croatia
43.  Damjan Bogdanovic, PhD candidate, Un Zagreb, Croatia
44.  Dr. Zora Matrovic, MD, MS, Vice-President, Croatia Natural      Law Party, Croatia
45.  Dr. Gennadi Kobzar, Senior Scientist, Biomedicine, Institute
     of Chemistry, Tallinn Technical Univ. PSRAST, Estonia.
46.  Dr. Tewolde Egziabher, Agronomist, Min. of the Environment,
     Spokesperson for African Region, Ethiopia
47.  Dr. Herve Le Meur, Biomathematician, Univ. Paris, France
48.  Dr. George Capouthier, Biologist, Univ. Paris, France
49.  Dr. Jean-Michel Panoff, Univ. of Caen, Caen, France
50.  Dr. Vic Norris, IFR Systems Integres, Univ. Rouen, France
51.  Dr. Jean-Pierre Berlan, Directeur de Recherches INR/CTESI
52.  Thieerry Raffin, Sociologue, President de 'Inf'OGM, France
53.  Alain Fardif, Certificat of therapist, Paris, France
54.  Dr. Jean Estrangin, MK, General Practice, Grenoble, France
55.  Dr. Luc G. Bulot, Researcher, ESA CNRS 6019- Centre d
     Sedimentologie- Paleontologie, Marseille, PSRAST, France
56.  Sylvain Allombert, M.Sc., Ph.D. Student, Ecology, Centre
     National de la Recherche Scientificque, Monpellier, PSRAST,
57.  Prof. Gilles-Eric Seralini, Laboratoire de Biochimie&
     Moleculaire, Univ. Caen, France
58.  Dr. Christine von Weizsaeker, Ecoropa, Germany
59.  Dr. Reinald Doebel, Institute of Sociology, Rural and
     Development Soc., Westfaelische Wilhelms Univ., Germany
60.  Dr. Rebecca C. Wade, Molecular Biology, Heidelberg, Germany
61.  Dr Christiane Boecker, MCommH, Community Health, Haiti
62.  Kevin Li, B.Sc., Hong Kong, Hong Kong
63.  Prof. Ervin Laszlo, President, The Club of Budapest, Hungary
64.  Dr. Vandana Shiva, Research Institute for Science and
     Ecology, India
65.  Dr. Muhua Achary, Environmentalist, St. Joseph's College,
     Bangalore, India
66.  Dr. Thomas S. Cox, Research Geneticist, U.S. Dept. of
     Agriculture, Manhattan, KS (retired) - present address
     Hyderabad, India.
67.  Devinder Sharma, Geneticist, Plant Breeder and Writer, Forum
     for Biotechnology and Food Security, New Delhi, India
68.  C. Nanjunda Murthy, M.Sc. Plant Scientist, Karnataka, India
69.  Dr. N. Raghauram, Plant Molecular Biology, Univ. Mumbai,
70.  Dr. Bruno D'Udine, Behaviour Ecologist,  University of
     Udine, Italy
71.  Dr Giorgio Cingolani, Agricultural Economist, Italy
72.  Prof. Leopoldo Silvestroni, Endocrinologist, Univ. of Rome,
73.  Prof. Adriano Decarli, Cancer Epidermiology, INST, Univ.
     Milan, Italy
74.  Prof. Atuhiro Sibatani, Molecular Biologist, Osaka, Japan
75.  Dr Shiron Sugita, Plant Geneticist, Nagoya U. Japan
76.  Dr Noeoru Tagishita, Plant Geneticist, Jap. Assoc. Agro
     Nature, Tokyo, Japan
77.  Dr. Shingo Shibata, Biosafety and Environmental Sociologist,
78.  Dr Machiko Yasukohchi, PLAN - International Japan Public
     Relations Team,Japan
79.  Jaroen Compeerapap, Environmental Law and Development
     Center, The Netherlands
80.  Dr Robert Mann, Ecologist, Auckland, New Zealand
81.  Dr Peter R Wills, Theoretical Biology, Uni. Auckland, New
82.  Dr. Robert Anderson, PSRG, New Zealand
83.  Dr. Shona L. Lamoureaux, Plant Ecology, Christchurch, Ne
84.  Sigrid D. Houlette, B.Sc. Solid Waste Manager, Environemtal
     Engineering, Local Government, Lower Hutt, New Zealand
85.  Prof. Terje Traavik, Virologist, University of Tromso,
86.  Dr Ingrid Olesen, Senior Research Scientist, Institute of
     Aquaculture Res. Ltd, Norway
87.  Dr. Lars Rasmussen, MD, General Practitioner, Univ. Oslo,
     Mesnali, Norway
88.  Prof. Oscar B. Zamora, Agronomist, U. Philippines, Los
     Banos, Philippines
89.  Dr. Pamela G. Fernadez, Agronomist, U. Philippines, Los
     Banos, Philippines
90.  Dr. Romeo F. Quijano, Pesticide Action Network,
     Pharmacologist/Toxiologist, Philippines
91.  Charles T. Olsen, D.C., Chiropractic Clinic, Davao Clinic,
     PSRAST, Philippines
92.  Dr. Margarida Silva, Molecular Biologist, Portuguese
     Catholic Univ., Portugal
93.  Dr. Franciso J.C. M. Teixeira, Researcher, Geophysics,
     Geological and Mining Institute, Lisbon, Portugal
94.  Glenn Ashton, Director, Ekogaia Foundation, and Green Party,
     South Africa
95.  Dr Gregorio Alvar, Biotechnologist,.  Computense U. Madrid,
96.  Dr. Javier Blasco, Aragonese Ctr  Rural European
     Information, Spain
97.  Prof. Ernest Garcia, Ph. D., Sociology, Univ. Valencia,
     Dept. Sociologia I Antropologia Social, Valencia, Spain
98.  Prof. F. Pura Duart Soler, Sociology, Univ. Valencia,
     PSRAST, Spain
99.  Prof. Every N. Gummesson, Management, Stockholm Univ.
     PSRAST, Sweden
100. Dr. Katarina Leppanen, History of Ideas,  Gothenburg Uni,      Sweden,
101. Dr. Jaan Suurkula, Physician, Physician and Scientists for
     Responsible Assessment of Science and Technology, Stockholm,
102. Said O. Holmin, Lic. Technology, Rector, Computer Science,
     College of Creative Computer Science, Stockholm, Sweden
103. Florianne Koechlin, Biologist, World Wildlife Fund
104. Verena Soldati, Biotechnologist, Basler Appell, Switzerland.
105. Dr. Daniel Amman, Cell Biologist,  Tech. Switzerland
106. Dr. Ruth Goseth, Dermatologist, ISDE, Switzerland
107. Yves Schatzle, Agronomist and Economist, Switzerland
108. Yvan Maillard, dipl. Sc. Nat. ETH, Environementalist,
     Ecology, Fribourg, PSRAST, Switzerland
109. Prof. Omboom Luanratana, Pharmacologist, Univ. of Mahedol,
     Bangkok, Thailand
110. Dr. David Bellamy, Biologist and Broadcaster, London, UK
111. Prof. Arpad Pusztai, Biochemist, Formerly from Rowett
     Institute, UK
112. Dr. Susan Bardocz, Geneticist, Aberdeen,  UK
113. Dr. Colin L.A. Leakey, Plant Geneticist, Cambridge, UK
114. Dr. Harash Narang, Pathologist, BSE expert, UK
115. Prof. Richard Lacey, Microbiologist, Leeds, UK
116. Dr. Michael Antoniou, Molecular Geneticist, Guy's Hospital,
117. Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Geneticist and Biophysicist, Open
     University, UK
118. Dr J. M. Kerr, Bioethics, Winchester College: Oxford U. UK
119. Gerard C. Bodeker, Ed. D., Senior Clinical Lecturer in
     Public Health, Univ. Oxford Medical School, UK
120. Fatima Pelica, Biochemist, PhD Candidate, JII, UK
121. Manoel Bascoi, Geneticist, PhD Candidate, JII, UK
122. Dr. Jerry Ravetz, Philosopher of Science, London, UK
123. Dr Tom Wakeford, Biologist, U. of East London, UK
124. Peter Preston Jones, MSc,  Environomental Campaigner, UK
125. Prof. Brian Goodwin, Biologist, Schumacher College, UK
126. Patrick Holden, Director, Soil Association, UK
127. Dr. Eva Novotny, Astrophysicist, Univ. Cambridge (retired),
128. Prof. Ian Stewart, Biomathematics, U. Warwick, UK
129. Dr. Vyvyan Howard, Toxipathologist, U. Liverpool, UK
130. Edward Goldsmith, Editor, The Ecologist, London, UK
131. Zac Goldsmith, Editor, The Ecologist, London, UK
132. Lynda Birke , Biologist, Liverpool Uni. Veterinary School,
133. Prof. Peter Saunders, Biomathematician, U. London, UK
134. Prof. Tim Ingold, Anthropologist, U. Manchester, UK
135. Dr. Robert C. Poller, Organic Chemist, U. London, UK
136. Gordon Daly P.hD student, Gene Therapist, Kennedy Inst.
     London, UK
137. Stuart Daly P.hD student, Transgenic group, Charing Cross
     Hosp. UK
138. Dr. John E. Hammond, Engineer, Highfeild, UK
139. Dr. Philip Kilner, Cardiologist,  Royal Brompton &
     Harefield, UK
140. Dani Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility London,
141. David Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility,
     London, UK
142. Angela Ryan, Molecular biologist, Open Univ. UK
143. Prof. David Packham, Material Scientist, U. Bath, UK
144. Dr. David J Heaf, Biochemist,   Wales, UK
145. Dr. Alan Currier, Taxonomist, IRBV, UK
146. Dr. Gesa Staats de Yanes, Veterinarian Toxicologists, U.
     Liverpool, UK
147. Barbara Wood-Kaczmar, M.Sc., Science writer, UK
148. Dr. Gene S. Thomas, Agriculturist, UK
149. Dr. David A.H. Birley, General Medical Practitioner,
     Swindon, UK
150. Dr. Brian Hursey, ex  FAO Senior Officer for Vector Borne
     Diseases, Neath , UK.
151. Dr. Michel Pimbert, Agricultural Ecologist, International
     Institute for Environment and Develoment, London,UK
152. Joseph A. Gari, Ph. D. candidate, Ecological Geographer,
     Univ. Oxford, UK
153. Dr. M.E. Caparis, Nea Ecologia, Marine Biology, London
     Univ., UK
154. Dr. Alassandro Gimona, Research Scientist, Ecology, MLURI,
     Aberdeen, UK
155. Darl N. Middleton, Ph. D. Candidate, Environ. Science, Drpt.
     Civil Engineering, Univ. Manchester, UK
156. Dr. Jean A.D. Saunders, BDS, LDS RCS, Dental Surgeon
     (retired) Faringdon, UK
157. Dr. Karen Wren, University teacher, Geography, St. Andrews
     Univ., St. Andrews, Fife, UK
158. Dr. Keith H. Halfacree, Univ. Lecturer, Geography, Univ. of
     Wales Swansea, UK
159. Lale Gurel, Bec., Manager, Nature - Macmillan Publishers,
     London, UK
160. Dr. Margaret J. Tyson, Glossop, PSRAST, UK
161. Dr. Michael L. Abrahams, (retired) Aeronautics, Bristol,
162. Sophie H. Bown, B.Sc. Ph.D. Candidate, Zoology, Manchester
     Univ., UK
163. Prof. Martha Crouch, Biologist, Indiana University, USA
164. Prof. Ruth Hubbard, Biologist, Harvard University, USA
165. Prof. Phil Bereano, Council for Responsible Genetics, U.
     Washington USA
166. Prof. Martha Herbert , Pediatric Neurologist, Mass. Gen.
     Hosp. USA
167. Prof. Jonathan King, Molecular Biology, MIT, Cambridge,
     Council for Responsible Genetics, USA
168. Prof. Liebe F. Cavalieri, Mathematical Ecology, Evolution
     and Behaviour, Univ. Minnesota, St. Paul, USA
169. Prof. David Ehrenfeld, MD, Biology/Ecology, Cook College,
     Rutgers Univ., New Jersey, USA
170. Prof. Philip B. Rudnick, Emeritus, Chemistry, West Chester
     Univ., Pennsylvania, PSRAST, USA
171. Prof. Philip J. Regal, Dept. Ecology, Evolution and Behavior
     Univ. Minnesota, St. Paul, USA.
172. Prof. Stuart A. Newman, Developmental Biology, New York
     Medical College, Valhalla, New York USA
173. Prof. David Schwartzman, Geochemist, Howard Uni. Washington
     DC USA
174. Prof. John Garderineer, Biologist, U. Michigan USA
175. Dr. Samuel Epstein, School of Public Health, Univ. Illinois,
     Chicago, USA
176. Dr John Fagan, Genetics ID, Washington, USA
177. Dr. Britt Bailey, Senior Researcher, CETOS, Ca, USA
178. Dr. Marc Lappe, Geneticist and Director CETOS, Ca, USA
179. Dr Michael W Fox, Veterinarian & Bioethicist, Washington DC
180. Dr Walter Bortz, Physician, Palo Alto, USA
181. Anne-Marie Mayer, Ph. D. candidate, Nutrition, Cornell
     Univ., USA
182. Dr. Catherine Badley, Biologist,  University of Michigan USA
183. Dr. Gerald Smith, Zoologist, U. Michigan, USA
184. Vuejuin McKersen M.Sc, Natural Resource Manager U. Michigan,
185. Dr. John Soluri, Historian of Science, Carnegie Mellon U USA
186. Juiet S Erazo PhD student U. of Michigan USA
187. Dr. Juette Peufecto, Biologist, U of Michigan USA
188. U.V. Kutzli Ph.D. Candidate, U of Michigan USA
189. Kristin Cobelius M.Sc. Student, U. Michigan USA
190. Lena S Nicolai PhD Student University of Michigan USA
191. Marial Peelle, Biol./Anthropologist Undergrad. Swarthmors
     College USA
192. Dr. Ty Fitzmorris, Ecologist, Hampshire College USA
193. Dr. Caros R Ramirez, Biologist, St Lawrance University USA
194. Rosa Vazquez Student in Biology, Ohio State University USA
195. Rev. Dorothy A. Harper, Biotethics, Washington, USA
196. Dr. Louis H. Krut, MK, CHB.:MD, St. Louis Univ. Medical
     School, Missouri, USA
197. Sean Lyman Student Gettysbury College USA
198. Ryan White Student St Lawrence University USA
199. Dr Jack Kloppenburg, Un. Wisconsin, Rural Sociologist, USA
200. Dr. Nancy A Schult, Entomologist, U of Wisconsin-Madison USA
201. Dr. Brian Schultz, Ecologist, Hampshire College USA
202. Dr. Douglas H Boucher, Ecologist, Hood College USA
203. Dr. Timothy Mann, Geographer, Hampshire College
204. Chris Picone M.Sc. Soil Microbiologist, U. Michigan USA
205. Dr. Peter M. Rosset, Ins. for Food and Development Policy,
206. Dr. Ignacio Chapela, Microbiologist & Ecologist, U.C.
     Berkeley, USA
207. Dr. Ingrid C. Northwood, Biochemist, Simon Fraser
     University, USA
208. Prof. Ed Daniel, Health Sciences Centre, McMaster
     University, Ca, USA
209. Dr Linda Jean Sheperd,  Biochemist, Gaia Blessings, USA
210. Dr Herve Grenier, Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Change,
     Univ. Washington,USA
211. U.V. Kutzli Ph.D. Candidate, U of Michigan USA
212. Alex Jack, Planetary Medicine, Jushi Institute, Becket,
     Mass, USA
213. Philip H Howard, Ph.D candidate, Rural Sociology, Uni. of
     Missouri, USA
214. Dr. Arthur Rybeck Jr D.D.S. Dentistry and Organic Farmer,
     Wheeling, USA
215. Dr. Arlene M. Kellman, D.O., Physician, Tucson, USA
216. Dr. Barbara K. Given, Faculty Researcher, George Mason Univ.
     Fairfax, USA
217. Dr. Carolyn F.A. Dean, MD ND, Consultant, Integrative
     Medicine, Holeopathic Pharmakeia, NY, USA Board of Women for
     a Safe Future
218. Cynthia A. Frye, FS/MS Student, Biology, Univ. Texas Medical
     Branch, USA
219. Dr. Gary P. Kaplan, Assoc. Prof. Neurology, North Shore
     Univ. Hosp., NYU School of Medicine, Mass, USA
220. Dr. Gayle Robin Hamilton, Assoc. Prof. Centre for the
     Advancement of Public Health, Fairfax, VA, USA
221. Heidei A. Kratsch, R.D./Graduate Student, Plant Physiology,
     Univ. Wisconsin, Oshkosh USA
222. Dr. Jay L. Glaser, MK, Medical Director, Maharishi Ayurveda
     Medical Center, Lancaster, USA
223. Dr. John Zamarra, M.D., Cardiology, Fullerton, USA
224. Lynn V. McIndoo, Student, Environmental Resource
     Engineering, Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, USA
225. Paul C. Helgeson, BSME Senior Engineer, Middleton, WI, USA
226. Dr. Ronald E. Openshaw, Adjunct Faculty, Geology, Physics,
     Maharishi University of Management, Fairfield, USA
227. Dr. Stephen L. Mikesell, Anthropology and Political Ecology,
     Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, USA
228. Dr, Suzanne m. Wuerthele, Toxicologist, Toxicology& Risk
     Assessment, federal regulatory agency, Denver, USA
229. Thomas J. Saunders, Student, Environmental Science, Humboldt
     State Univ., Arcata, USA
230. Dr. Usha Mukhtyar, M.D. Consultant, Gynecology & Obstetrics,
     Bronx, New York USA
231. Vijaykumar V.C. Chalasani, MS, Consultant East Brunswick USA


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