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2-Plants: Terminator recommendation of SBSTTA / CBD



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TITLE:  Terminator recommendation of SBSTTA / CBD
SOURCE: UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/4/9/Rev.1
        http://www.biodiv.org/sbstta4/docs-e.html
DATE:   July 9, 1999

----------------- archive: http://www.gene.ch/ ------------------

Dear GENET-news reader,
to read the whole document including the scientific report on
Terminator Technology prepared for the SBSTTA meeting, visit the
CBD¹s homepage at http://www.biodiv.org/sbstta4/docs-e.html. A
detailed critique of this weak recommendation by RAFI was
recently distributed by GENET (3-Plants: RAFI on Terminator
resolution of SBSTTA / CBD; June 30). You will find this article
in the GENET-archive.

Yours,
Hartmut Meyer


CBD - CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Distr. GENERAL
UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/4/9/Rev.1
17 May 1999
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH
SUBSIDIARY BODY ON SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE
Fourth meeting
Montreal, 21-25 June 1999
Item 4.6 of the Provisional agenda

CONSEQUENCES OF THE USE OF THE NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR THE CONTROL OF
PLANT GENE EXPRESSION FOR THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

[...]

Draft Recommendation to the Conference of the Parties

20. On the basis of its deliberations, SBSTTA may wish to
consider and further elaborate the following draft
recommendation:


Preamble

Noting that, based on expert opinion, neither V- nor T-GURTs are
likely to be commercialised for at least five years;

Acknowledging that this provides the opportunity for adequate and
thorough research and studies to assess, on a case by case basis,
the potential implications of GURTs, and to put in place the
required procedures to anticipate and prevent or mitigate any
potential negative impacts, taking into account the precautionary
approach;

Recognising, that the advent of such technologies present a very
timely opportunity to seriously reflect on the policies
associated with their emergence and to place more weight on
environmental and global implications of technology development
that meet the needs of growing rural and urban populations while
ensuring long term sustainability issues and social and ethical
considerations;

Noting the need for holistic approaches that revalidate
ecological principles and practices of agricultural production,
reduced chemical dependence and maintained biological diversity;

Recognising the wide potential application of GURTs to any crop
species, in particular seed-bearing species, for which suitable
transformation technologies are available, in particular, the
likely use for moderate to high value in breeding seed crops
where plant back of farm saved seed is widely practiced;

Further recognising that Variety-specific and Trait-specific
GURTs are living modified organisms;


SBSTTA recommends that the Conference of the Parties:

At the International Level

(1) In recognition of the potential implications of Genetic Use
Restriction Technologies (GURTs) in agricultural production
systems, and for agricultural policy, invites the Food and
Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), in close
collaboration with UNESCO, UNEP and other member organizations of
the Ecosystem Conservation Group (ECG), other competent
organizations and research bodies, to further study the
implications of such technologies on the conservation and
sustainable use of agricultural genetic resources and the range
of agricultural production systems in different countries, and
identify relevant policy questions that may need to be addressed.

(2) Recognising the need to better understand the biosafety
implications of GURTs, request the Executive Secretary to discuss
with organizations with relevant expertise, ways and means to
undertake further studies on the biosafety issues related to the
development and application of GURTs.

(3) Recognising the need to better understand the intellectual
property rights (IPR) implications of GURTs, request the
Executive Secretary to discuss with organisations with relevant
expertise, ways and means to undertake further studies on the IPR
issues related to the development and application of GURTs.


At the National Level

(4) Invite Parties and Governments to consider the impact of an
intellectual property protection system based on technology
rather than a legally based system and the appropriateness of
this for the agricultural sector, and to provide information on
possible options.

(5) Encourage Parties and Governments to consider how to address
generic concerns of such transgenic organisms under international
and national approaches to the safe and sustainable use of
germplasm ;

(6) Further encourage Parties and governments to identify ways
and means to address the potential use of GURTs and impacts on
the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological
diversity and implications on the agricultural sector as a whole
and on food security.

(7) Urge Parties, with the support of competent international
organisations, to assess whether there is a need to develop, and
how to ensure the application of, effective regulations at
national level which take into account, inter alia, the specific
nature of GURTs, in order to ensure the safety of human health
and the environment and the conservation and sustainable use of
biological diversity.


Secretariat

(8) Request the Executive Secretary to prepare a report to be
considered by a future meeting of SBSTTA prior to the sixth
meeting of the Conference of the Parties, on the status of
development of GURTs and of relevant initiatives at
international, regional and national levels on the basis of
information provided by organisations, Parties and Governments.



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